Chapt 5 Values, Ethics, and advocacy Flashcards Preview

Fundamentals Exam 3 > Chapt 5 Values, Ethics, and advocacy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapt 5 Values, Ethics, and advocacy Deck (21):
1

VALUES

Enduring beliefs or attitudes about the worth of a person, object, idea, or action.

2

Beliefs (opinions) –

Interpretations or conclusions that people accept as true.

3

Attitudes

Mental positions or feelings toward a person, idea, or object.

4

Values transmission

Personal values
Gives as sense of individuality
Professional values
Acquired during socialization into nursing from codes of ethics, nursing experiences, teachers, and peers.

5

Values clarification

Nurses values
Influenced by culture, education, and age.
Client values
Identify client’s values as they influence and relate to a particular health problems.
List all alternatives
Examine possible consequence of choice
Choose freely
Feeling about the choice

6

Morality and ethics

Ethics
Methods of inquiry that helps people to understand the morality of human behavior.
Practices of beliefs in certain group
The expected standards of moral behavior

7

Bioethics


Ethics applied to human life or health

8

Nursing ethics


Refers to ethical issues that occur in nursing practic

9

Morality


Refers to private, personal standards of what is right and wrong in conduct, character, and attitude.

10

Autonomy


Right to make one’s own decisions.

11

Nonmaleficence

Is a duty to do no harm

12

Beneficence

Doing good.

13

Justice

fairness

14

Fidelity

To be faithful to agreements and promises

15

Veracity

Telling the truth

16

Nursing code of ethics

A set of ethical principles:
Shared by members of the group
reflects their moral judgements over time
Serves as a standard for their professional actions

17

Purpose of code of ethics

Inform the public about the minimum standards of the
profession and help them understand professional nursing
conduct.
Provide a sign of the profession’s commitment of the
public it serves.
Outline the major ethical considerations pf the profession.

18

Strategies to enhance ethical decisions and practice

Become aware of your own values and the ethical aspects of
nursing
Be familiar nursing codes of ethics
Seek continuing education opportunities to stay knowledgeable
about ethical issues in nursing.

19

Strategies to enhance ethical decisions and practice

Respect the values, opinions, and responsibilities of other health
care professionals that may be different from your own.
Participate in or establish ethics rounds.
Serve on ethics institutional committees.
Strive for collaborative practice in which nurses functions
effectively in cooperation with other healthcare professionals

20

Specific ethical issues

AIDS
Abortion
Organ and tissue transplantation
End-of-life issues

21

Advocacy

Role
Supports clients in their decisions
Objective and not convey approval or disapproval of the client’s choices
Intervenes on the client’s behalf