Chpt 36 wrksheets Flashcards Preview

Fundamentals Exam 3 > Chpt 36 wrksheets > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chpt 36 wrksheets Deck (49):
1

aerobic

growing only in the presence of oxygen

2

anaerobic

growing only in the absence of oxygen

3

approximated

closed

4

Bandage

a strip of cloth used to wrap some part of the body

5

Binder

a type of bandage designed for a specific body part or to support large areas

6

collagen

whitish protein substance that adds tensile strength to the wound

7

compress

a moist gauze dressing applied to a wound

8

debridement

removal of the necrotic material

9

dehiscence

the intial translucent, fragile tissue that forms during the proliferative phase of wound healing

10

eschar

a wound covering of dried plasma proteins and dead cells that occurs if the wound does not close by epithelialization

11

evisceration

protusion of the internal viscera through an incision

12

excoritation

area of loss of the superficial layers of the skin

13

exudate

material that has escaped from blood vessels during the inflammatory process and is deposited in the tissue or on tissue surfaces

14

fibrin

connective tissue

15

friction

a force acting parallel to the skin surface

16

granulation tissue

the initial translucent, fragile tissue that forms during the proliferative phase of wound healing

17

hematoma

a localized collection of blood underneath the skin that may appear as reddish-blue swelling

18

hemorrhage

massive bleeding

19

hemostasis

cessation of bleeding

20

immobility

reduction in the amount and control of the movement a person has

21

ischemia

deficiency in the blood supply to the tissue

22

keloid

kypertrophic scar

23

maceration

tissue softened by the prolonged wetting or soaking

24

packing

guaze use to absorb exudate in a wound dressing

25

phagocytosis

the process which during which macrophages engulf cellukar debris and microorganisms

26

pressure

compression of tissue

27

pressure ulcers

result of localized tissue ischemia caused y unrelieved pressure

28

primary intention healing

occurs where the tissue surfaces have been aproximated, and there is minimal or no tissue loss

29

puruent exudate

thicker, yellow, blue or green tinged exudate

30

pus

consists of leukocytes liquified dead tissue debris dead and living bacteria

31

reactive hyperemia

red flush of sin that occurs when pressure is relieved from an area

32

regeneration

renewal or healing of the tissue

33

sauguinous exudate

bloody

34

secondary intention healing

occurs in a wound that is extensive and the edges cannot be approximated

35

serosanguinous

mixed drainage consisting of clear and blood-tinged material

36

serous exudate

clear, watery drainage

37

shearing force

combination of friction and pressure

38

sitz bath

used to soak a clients perineal or rectal area

39

suppuration

the process of pus formation

40

tertiary intention

wounds left open for 3-5 days, then surgically closed

41

vasoconstriction

decreased blood flow to an area can be caused by decreased temperature of tissue

42

vasodilation

the process in which extra blood flows into the area

43

the sin is the largest orga in the body and serves a variety of important functions in maintaining health and protecting the individual from injury.True or false?

true

44

hypoproteinema is an abnormaly high protein content in the blood. True or False?

false. hyperproteinema is the answer.

45

wound beds that are too dry or disturbed too often fail to heal. True or false?

True

46

Any at risk client confined to bed,even when a special support mattress is used, should be repositioned atleast every 2 hrs depending on the clients needs t allow another body surface to bear the weight. true or false?

True

47

Moisture from incontinence promotes skin _______ and makes the epidermis more easily eroded and suseceptible to injury.

maceration

48

wound ______ involves the removal of debris(ie. foreign materials, excess slough, necrotic tissue, bacteria and other microorganisms)

cleansing

49

Using _____ syringes instead of bulb syringes to irrigate a wound reduces the risk of aspirating drainage and provides safe, effective pressure.

Piston