Chapter 38 Sensory Flashcards Preview

Fundamentals Exam 3 > Chapter 38 Sensory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 38 Sensory Deck (25):
1

What can any alteration in sensation affect?

The ability to function within the environment

2

Awareness of position and movement of body parts

Kinesthetic

3

Ability to perceive and understand an object through touch. By size shape

Stereognosis

4

Used to describe an estate where a person is in optimal arousal

Sensoristasis

5

Ability to perceive internal and external stimuli, and to respond appropriately through thought and action.

Awareness

6

Characteristics of Normal Sensory reception/perception

Vision, hearing, taste, smell, and tactile

7

Factors affecting sensory function

Development, culture, stress, medications, illness, lifestyle, and personality

8

Loss in normal function of sensory reception and or perception.

Sensory Deficits

9

Generally thought of as a decrease in or lack of meaningful stimuli

Sensory Deprivation

10

Generally occurs when a person is unable to process or manage the amount or intensity of sensory stimuli. Invokes a stress response

Sensory Overload

11

Sensory overload risk factor

Room close to the nurses station, ICU, bright lights, use of ventilator, use of oxygen, use of IVs, other equipment, frequent treatments

12

Risk factors for sensory deprivation

Private room, eyes bandaged, bed rest, sensory aid not available( hearing aid, glasses), isolation precautions, and few visitors

13

Common behaviors that suggest alterations

Change is LOC- withdrawn to irritable, fluctuating alertness and confusion.
Tremors, weakness, decreased response to stimuli, unequal pupils, emotionally labile

14

What is the purpose of sensation?

To allow the body to respond to changing situations and maintain homeostasis

15

Vision diseases affecting older adults

Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD), Cataract, Glaucoma, Diabetic Retinopathy.

16

Taste and Smell Interventions

Oral hygiene, seasonings/texture of foods, liquids between bites, appearance and dates of foods, provide aromas, unpleasant odors, Smoke and carbon monoxide, Visually check gas stove.

17

Touch Interventions

Provide touch therapy, turn and reposition client, avoid excessive stimuli for hyper esthetic client, reduce temperature of water heater, clearly mark faucets as hot and cold.

18

Full Consciousness

A and O X 3 (time, place, person) understands verbal and written word

19

Disoriented

Is not A and O x 3

20

Reduced awareness, easily bewildered; poor memory, misinterprets stimuli; impaired judgment

Confused

21

Extreme drowsiness but will respond to stimuli

Somnolent

22

Can be aroused by extreme or repeated stimuli

Semi-Comatose

23

Will not respond to verbal stimuli, and often no response to touch (tactile) stimuli

Coma

24

**Acute Confusion

Delirium

25

**Chronic Confusion

Dementia