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1

Definition of Homeostasis

balance the body tries to maintain. "homeo-" means the same and "stasis" means staying

2

Disection

cutting apart

3

Anatomy

Anatomist learn about the structure of the body by cutting it apart

4

Physiology

study of the functions of living organisms and their parts.

5

Scientific Method

Propose Hypothesis -> Design Experiment -> Collect and analyze data -> determine whether the data are biased -> refine hypothesis -> repeat the experiments -> ACCEPT AS THEORY -> ACCEPT AS LAW

6

1 METER= (X) IN

39.37

7

1 CM = (x) M

10^-2

8

1 MM = (x) M

10^-3

9

1 μ = (x) M

10^-6

10

1 nm = (x) M

10 ^ -9 M

11

1 Å = (x) M

10 ^ -10 m

12

1 in = (x) Cm

2.5 cm

13

Smallest living units of structure

Cells

14

Organization of many cells that act together to perform a common function

Tissue

15

Group of several different tissues arranged in a way that allow them to act as a unit to perform a special function

Organ

16

An organization of varying numbers and kinds or organs that can work together to perform complex functions for the body

Systems

17

Anatomical position

Body is in an erect posture with arms at sides and pals forward. Head and feet fact forward.

18

Supine position

Lying face upward

19

Prone position

Lying face downward

20

Superior

Toward the head

21

Inferior

Toward the feet

22

Anterior

Front or In front of

23

Posterior

Back or in back of

24

Ventral (in place of anterior)

Toward the belly

25

Dorsal

Toward the back

26

Medial

Toward the midline of the body

27

Lateral

Toward the side of the body or away from its midline

28

Proximal

Toward or nearest the trunk of the body

29

Distal

Away from the trunk or point of origin of the body

30

Superficial

Near the surface

31

Deep

Further from the surface

32

Saggittal

Lighthouse plane running from front to back

33

Frontal

Length wise running left to right

34

Transverse

Horizontal plane cutting body in half

35

Thoracic cavity

Chest cavity

36

Mediastinum

Mid portion of the thoracic cavity

37

Left and right pleural cavities

Left and right sides of the thoracic cavity

38

Ways to divide the abdominal cavity

Four quadrants
None regions

39

Upper abdominopelvic regions

Right and left hypochondriac regions and epicanthic regions

40

Middle abdominopelvic regions

Right and left lumbar and umbilical

41

Lower abdominopelvic regions

Right and left iliac and hypo gastric

42

Dorsal cavity includes:

Cranial cavity and spinal cavity

43

Ventral cavities

Thoracic and abdominopelvic

44

Forearm

Antebeachial

45

Depressed area just in front of elbow

Antecubical

46

Armpit

Axillary

47

Arm

Brachial

48

Cheek

Buccal region

49

Wrist

Carpal region

50

Head

Cephalic region

51

Neck

Cervical region

52

Skull

Cranial region

53

Leg

Cural region

54

Elbow

Cubital region

55

Skin/ body surface

Cutaneous region

56

Fingers or toes

Digital region

57

Face

Facial region

58

Forehead

Frontal region

59

Nose

Nasal region

60

Mouth

Oral region

61

Eyes

Orbital region or ophthalmic region

62

Upper cheek

Zygomatic region

63

Thigh

Femoral region

64

Buttock

Gluteal region

65

Groin

Inguineal region

66

Lower back between ribs and pelvis

Lumbar region

67

Breast

Mammary region

68

Back of lower skull

Occipital region

69

Back of elbow

Olecranal

70

Palm of hand

Palmar region

71

Foot

Pedal region

72

Lower portion of torso

Pelvic region

73

Area between anus and Gentiles

Perineal region

74

Sole of foot

Plantar region

75

Area behind knee

Popliteal region

76

Area above clavical

Superclavicular region

77

Ankle

Tarsal region

78

Side of skull

Temporal region

79

Chest

Thoracic cavity

80

Area around naval or umbilicus

Umbilical region

81

Palm or sole

Collar region

82

Degenerative process that results from disuse

Atrophy

83

Homeostasis

Body maintaining relatively constant conditions within the body

84

Highly complex and integrated communication control system

Feedback loop

85

Feedback loop process

Sensor-> integrator -> effector -> controlled condition

86

Negative feedback loops

Oppose or negate a change in condition

87

Positive feedback loop

Stimulators; temporarily amplify the change that is occurring

88

Developmental processes

Changes and functions occurring during early years

89

Aging processes

Developmental changes after young adult hood