Chapter 2 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy and Physiology > Chapter 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (18)
Loading flashcards...
1

2 examples of a disaccharide

Table sugar and lactose

2

1 example of polysaccharide

Glycogen

3

1 example of a monosaccharide

Glucose

4

3 types of lipids

Triglycerides, phospholipids, and cholesterol

5

Triglycerides

Glycerol unit joined to three fatty acids

6

Phospholipids

Phosphorus containing head (attracts water) and 2 fatty acid tails (repel water)

7

Cholesterol

Steroid lipid
Combines with phospholipids in the cell membrane to help stabilize its bolster structure

8

What basic units are proteins composed of?

Amino acids

9

What kind of bonds are amino acids held together with?

Peptide bonds

10

Structural proteins

Shaped in ways that allow proteins to form essential structures in the body

11

Collage

Protein with fiber shape that holds most of the bodies tissues together

12

Enzymes

Chemical catalysts

13

Basic building blocks of nucleic acid

Nucleotides

14

DNA nucleotide units

adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine

15

RNA nucleotide bases

Cytosine, guanine, adenine, uracil

16

Structure that explains how nucleotides are arranged in DNA

Double helix

17

Modified nucleotide that plays an important role in energy transfer

ATP

18

Major types of carbohydrates

Carbohydrate
Lipid
Protein
Nucleus acid