Chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

Sociology Chapters 1-3 > Chapter 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (32):
1

The view that social researchers should strive for subjectivity as they worked to represent social processes, cultural norms, and societal values?

Anti-positivism:

2

a theory that looks at society as a competition for limited resources

conflict theory

3

an extension of symbolic interaction theory which proposes that reality is what humans cognitively
construct it to be

constructivism

4

a group's shared practices, values, and beliefs

culture

5

a technique sociologists use in which they view society through the metaphor of theatrical performance

dramaturgical analysis

6

a stable state in which all parts of a healthy society work together properly

dynamic equilibrium

7

social patterns that have undesirable consequences for the operation of society

dysfunctions

8

the process of simultaneously analyzing the behavior of an individual and the society that shapes that behavior

figuration

9

the part a recurrent activity plays in the social life as a whole and the contribution it makes to structural continuity

function

10

a theoretical approach that sees society as a structure with interrelated parts designed to meet the biological and social needs of individuals that make up that society

functionalism

11

the organized and generalized attitude of a social group

generalized others

12

an attempt to explain large-scale relationships and answer fundamental questions such as why
societies form and why they change

grand theories

13

hypothesis: a testable proposition

hypothesis: a testable proposition

14

the unrecognized or unintended consequences of a social process

latent functions

15

a wide-scale view of the role of social structures within a society

macro-level

16

sought consequences of a social process

manifest functions

17

the study of specific relationships between individuals or small groups

micro-level theories

18

philosophical and theoretical frameworks used within a discipline to formulate theories, generalizations, and the experiments performed in support of them

paradigms

19

the scientific study of social patterns

positivism

20

in-depth interviews, focus groups, and/or analysis of content sources as the source of its data

qualitative sociology

21

statistical methods such as surveys with large numbers of participants

quantitative sociology

22

an error of treating an abstract concept as though it has a real, material existence

reification

23

specific individuals that impact a person's life

significant others

24

the laws, morals, values, religious beliefs, customs, fashions, rituals, and all of the cultural rules that govern social life

social facts

25

patterns of beliefs and behaviors focused on meeting social needs

social institutions

26

the social ties that bind a group of people together such as kinship, shared location, and religion

social solidarity

27

a group of people who live in a defined geographical area who interact with one another and who share a common culture

society

28

the ability to understand how your own past relates to that of other people, as well as to history in general and societal structures in particular

sociological imagination

29

the systematic study of society and social interaction

sociology

30

a theoretical perspective through which scholars examine the relationship of individuals
within their society by studying their communication (language and symbols)

symbolic interactionism

31

a proposed explanation about social interactions or society

theory

32

a German word that means to understand in a deep way

verstehen