Chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

Computer Science > Chapter 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (18)
Loading flashcards...
1

1. What is the correct historic technology sequence (earliest to most recent)?
a. Tubes, integrated circuits, transistors
b. Transistors, tubes, integrated circuits
c. Tubes, transistors, integrated circuits
d. Integrated circuits, tubes, transistors

c. Tubes, transistors, integrated circuits

2

2. Which of the following is an example of a PC?
a. ENIAC
b. Colossus
c. 8088
d. von Neumann

c. 8088

3

3. Who is credited with creating the stored program computer model?
a. Atanasoff
b. Berry
c. Eckert
d. von Neumann

d. von Neumann

4

4. Limits to computing power are caused by throughput bottlenecks between the CPU and __________.
a. input devices
b. output devices
c. memory
d. other CPUs

c. memory

5

5. Which device uses the most power and gives off the most heat?
a. Integrated circuit
b. Transistor
c. MOSFET
d. Vacuum tube

d. Vacuum tube

6

6. In the von Neumann architecture, what two components make up the CPU?
a. memory and control unit
b. processor and control unit
c. arithmetic unit and memory
d. control unit and arithmetic unit

d. control unit and arithmetic unit

7

7. What company dominates the CPU and chipset market?
a. Toshiba
b. Sony
c. Intel
d. Kawasaki

c. Intel

8

8. Moore’s law that states that the number of transistors that can fit on an integrated circuit chip __________ every 18-24 months.
a. doubles
b. triples
c. quadruples
d. increases ten-fold

a. doubles

9

9. What technology eliminates the problem of the “von Neumann bottleneck”?
a. Control unit
b. Hard disk drive
c. Cache
d. Main memory

c. Cache

10

10. Which of the following is an input device?
a. Monitor
b. Printer
c. Mouse
d. Plotter

c. Mouse

11

Who is credited with the patent for the first computer?
a. Eckert and Mauchly
b. Atanasoff
c. Microsoft
d. Intel

b. Atanasoff

12

Which of the following are groups within the von Neumann architecture? select 3 best
a. working storage
b. monitor
c. output devices
d. permanent storage
e. Keyboard

a. working storage
c. output devices
d. permanent storage

13

What are the 3 main connections in a transistor? select 3
a. gate
b. n-type silicon
c. source
d. drain
e. conductor

a. gate
c. source
d. drain

14

MOSFET is the most common type of what electronic component?
a. vacuum tube
b. CPU
c. integrated circuit
d. transistor

d. transistor

15

Approximately how many transistors are incorporated into today's Intel processors?
a. hundreds
b. thousands
c. millions
d. billions

c. millions

16

What made the 8088 Intel CPU special compared to its predecessors?
a. 1MB address limit
b. 33MHz processor
c. 64KB address limit
d. 1MHz processor

a. 1MB address limit

17

What 2 companies are most responsible today for the advancement of PC CPUs? select 2
a. Toshiba
b. Intel
c. Samsung
d. AMD

b. Intel
d. AMD

18

Which company did IBM first hire to build their core operating system for their PCs?
a. Intel
b. Apple
c. Microsoft
d. Bell labs

c. Microsoft