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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (18):
1

What are the two great debates of psychology?

Mind vs body and Nature vs nurture

2

Plato

Nativism

3

Nativism

assumed character and intelligence are inborn or inherited (nature)

4

Aristotle

Philosophical Empiricism

5

Philosophical Empiricism

proposed that knowledge grows from experience (nurture)

6

Monism vs Dualism

Monism = the mind is what the brain does and Dualism = soul and body are distinct but connected via the pineal gland

7

Structuralism

analyzes the mind by breaking down into basic components

8

Wilhelm Wundt

Structuralism

9

William James

Functionalism

10

Functionalism

studies how mental abilities allow people to adapt to their environment

11

Darwin

Natural Selection

12

Sigmund Freud

Psychoanalytic theory

13

Psychoanalytic theory

emphasized the importance of the unconscious mind

14

Psychoanalysis

seeks to bring unconscious material into conscious awareness/treat mental disorders

15

Behaviourists

emphasized the study of objectively observable behaviour

16

Humanistic Psychology

Approach to understanding human nature (Maslow)

17

What is psychology

The study of behaviour and mental processes

18

Introspection

subjective inquiry into ones own experiences