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1

Darwin’s finches represent a good example of

Adaptive Radiation

2

The theory of evolution by natural selection was proposed by

Darwin and Wallace

3

Random changes in gene frequency that occur in small populations comprise the concept of

Genetic drift

4

All of the alleles of all genes possessed by members of a population collectively form the

Gene pool

5

Structures in different organisms that are similar because they descend with some modification from a corresponding feature of their common ancestor are said to be

Homologous

6

Lyell is credited with the principle of __________, which was described in his Principles of Geology

Uniformitarianism

7

Darwin’s thoughts on evolution were greatly influenced by an essay on populations written by ______.

Thomas Malthus

8

True/False

According the the Hardy-Weinberg Law, the frequency of each allele remains constant generation after generation in a freely interbreeding, sexually reproducing, large population that experiences natural selection

False

9

True/False

Genetic drift occurs to some degree in all populations of finite size

True

10

True/False

Darwin’s evolutionary theory differs from Lamarck’s in being a variational rather than transformational theory

True

11

Which of the following was a common early criticism of Darwin’s theory of natural selection?

It could not explain the origins of new structures or new species, only the modification of existing ones

12

True/False

The most direct evidence for Darwins theory of perpetual change is the fossil record

True

13

Which of the following best describes the relationships between organismal ontogeny any phylogeny?

Ontogeny may recapitulate phylogeny for some characteristics, but rarely does this occur for the organism as a whole

14

Which of the following is not one of the observations that led Darwin to propose the theory of natural selection

The hereditary process features inheritance of discrete and non lending particular factors