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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (10)
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1

A derived character shared by members of a clade is formally called a ______.

Synapomorphy

2

The man who developed the present system of classification was

Linnaeus

3

A branching diagram who’s branches represent real lineages that occurred in the evolutionary past is called a _______.

Phylogenetic tree

4

Which of the following terms is not relevant to cladistic systematics

Adaptive zone

5

Unlike ancestral character states, variant forms of characters that arose later within the group are named _______ character

Derived

6

True/False

The major criteria used for recognizing taxa in the evolutionary taxonomy are common descent and amount adaptive evolutionary change

True

7

True/False

Character states that are found in a study group but are absent form an outgroup are defined as ancestral characters

False

8

True/False

A taxon is monophyletic if it includes the most recent common ancestor of a group organisms and some but not all of the descendants of that ancestor

False

9

Which of the following is no longer an important criterion for species recognition?

Possession of defining organismal features

10

Which of the following concepts of species is most compatible with the goals of cladistic systematics

Phylogenetic