Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (33)
The mechanical principles that relate directly to the human body.
Forces causing movement
Time, space, and mass aspects of a moving system
Same as the anatomical position, but the palms face the body. Often used to discuss rotation of the upper extremity.
Refers to the front of the body
Refers to the back, or a position more toward the back
Away from the trunk
Toward the trunk
Indicates the location of a body part abpve another or to the upper surface of an organ or a structure.
Body part below another or the lower surface of an organ or structure
Position or structure closer to the head
Position or structure closer to the tail
Four terms that are best used to describe positions on a quadruped
dorsal, ventral, cranial, caudal
Refers to two, or both sides
Refers to the opposite side
Refers to the same side of the body
The body is divided into segments according to
The arm, forearm, and hand make up the
The thigh, leg, and foot make up the
Two segments of the trunk:
Thorax consists of:
ribs, sternum, mostly thoracic vertebrae
Abdomen consists of:
pelvis, stomach, mostly lumbar vertebrae
Refers to a joint's surface motion in relation to the body segment's motion
(translatory motion); occurs in more or less a straight line from one location to another
All of the parts move the same distance, in the same direction, at the same time:
Movement that occurs in a straight line:
A baseball player running from home plate to first base:
Movement that occurs in a curved path, yet isn't necessarily circular:
Movement of an object around a fixed point: not going the same distance.