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1

Biomechanics

The mechanical principles that relate directly to the human body.

2

Kinetics

Forces causing movement

3

Kinematics

Time, space, and mass aspects of a moving system

4

Fundamental Position

Same as the anatomical position, but the palms face the body. Often used to discuss rotation of the upper extremity.

5

Refers to the front of the body

anterior

6

Refers to the back, or a position more toward the back

posterior

7

Away from the trunk

distal

8

Toward the trunk

proximal

9

Indicates the location of a body part abpve another or to the upper surface of an organ or a structure.

superior

10

Body part below another or the lower surface of an organ or structure

inferior

11

Position or structure closer to the head

cranial

12

Position or structure closer to the tail

caudal

13

Four terms that are best used to describe positions on a quadruped

dorsal, ventral, cranial, caudal

14

Refers to two, or both sides

bilateral

15

Refers to the opposite side

contralateral

16

Refers to the same side of the body

ipsilateral

17

The body is divided into segments according to

bones

18

The arm, forearm, and hand make up the

upper extremity

19

The thigh, leg, and foot make up the

lower extremity

20

Two segments of the trunk:

thorax, abdomen

21

Thorax consists of:

ribs, sternum, mostly thoracic vertebrae

22

Abdomen consists of:

pelvis, stomach, mostly lumbar vertebrae

23

Refers to a joint's surface motion in relation to the body segment's motion

arthrokinematic motion

24

Linear motion

(translatory motion); occurs in more or less a straight line from one location to another

25

All of the parts move the same distance, in the same direction, at the same time:

linear motion

26

Movement that occurs in a straight line:

rectilinear motion

27

A baseball player running from home plate to first base:

rectilinear motion

28

Movement that occurs in a curved path, yet isn't necessarily circular:

curvilinear motion

29

Movement of an object around a fixed point: not going the same distance.

angular motion

30

In angular motion, ____________

all the parts of the object move through the same angle, in the same direction, and at the same time, but the do not move the same distance