Chapter 1: Exploring Life Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1: Exploring Life Deck (22):
1

organisms, such as animals, that feed on producers and other consumers

cosumers

2

DNA is the substance of ______, the units of inheritance that transmit information from parents to offspring

genes

3

The entire "library" of genetic instructiond that an organism inherits

genome

4

subdivided by internal membranes into various membrane-enclosed organelles including chloroplasts

Eukaryotic cell

5

Dna is not separated from the rest of the cell by enclosure in a membrane bounded nucleus

Prokaryotic cell

6

Example of ______ are cells, organisms, and ecosystems

system

7

due to the arrangement and interactions of parts as complexity increases

emergent properties

8

reducing complex systems to simpler components that are more manageable to study

Reductionalism

9

Ultimate goal of __________ is to model the dynamic behavior or whole biological systems

systems biology

10

accumaltion of a end product of a process slows that process

negative feedback

11

end product speeds up its production

positive feedback

12

a search for information and explanation often focusing on specific questions

inquiry

13

recorded observations

data

14

Describes natural structures and processes as accurately as possible through careful observation and analysis of data

discovery science

15

mostly about *explaining* nature

hypothesis based science

16

often in the form of recorded descriptions rather than numerical measurements

qualitative

17

generally recorded as measurements

quantitative data

18

derive generalizations based on a large number of specific observations

inductive reasoning

19

a tentative answer to a well framed question

hypothesis

20

the logic flows in the opposite direction, from the general to the specific

deductive reasoning

21

-much broader in scope that a hypothesis
-general enough to spin off many new specific hypotheses that can be tested
-generally supported by a much more massive body of evidence

theory

22

Plants and other photosynthetic organisms that convert light energy to chemical energy

Producers