Chapter 1- History And Approaches Flashcards Preview

Ap Psychology > Chapter 1- History And Approaches > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1- History And Approaches Deck (17):
1

Evolutionary perspectives

Examines thoughts and behavior in terms of natural selection and passing down traits through generations

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Positive psychology

The study of human strengths, virtues, and effective functioning

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Clinical psychologist

Specializes in the diagnosis, causes, and treatment of psychological and behavioral disorders

4

Counseling psychologist

Specializes in the treatment of milder emotional and behavioral disturbances; concerned with the “normal” problems of adjustment

5

Psychiatrist

Medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders; Can prescribe medications

6

Psychiatric social worker

Mental health professional trained to apply social science principles to help patients in clinics and hospitals

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Developmental psychology

Study of human mental and physical growth from the parental period through childhood adolescence, adulthood and old age

8

Physiological psychology

Investigate the biological basis of human behavior, thoughts, and emotions; researches the brain, nervous system and other physical origins of behavior

9

Experimental psychology

Scientific study of human and animal behavior (research)

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Personality psychology

Study of individual differences and traits

11

Clinical and counseling

Treat patients with mild to severe emotional and behavioral disturbances; conducts research on the causes of behavior and the effectiveness of treatments

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Humanistic perspectives

Focuses on human experience, problems, potentials/ ideals ; emphasizes self- esteem

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Psychodynamic perspectives

Theory of behavior that emphasizes internal conflicts, motives and unconcious forces

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Biological perspectives

Human and animal behavior is the result of internal physical, chemical, and biological processes

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Behavioral perspectives

Explains human thought and behavior in terms of conditioning; emphasizes overt, observable behavior

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Cognitive perspectives

Studies human thinking and information processing abilities

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Sociocultural perspectives

The focus on the importance of social and cultural contexts in influencing the behavior of individuals