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1

The study of the form or structure of the body.

Anatomy

2

The study of the function of the body.

Physiology

3

What does form determine?

Form determines function

4

Type of anatomy that needs a microscope to see these structures?

Microscopic Anatomy

5

Study of individual cell.

Cytology

6

Study of tissues.

Histology

7

Simplest form of life.

Cell

8

Type of anatomy that you can see structures with your eye.

Macroscopic Anatomy

9

Another term for macroscopic anatomy

Gross Anatomy

10

Groups of organs that form a system (heart, vessels)

Organ System

11

What are the levels of organization by order?

*Remember organization at each level determines the characteristics and functions of higher levels!*

-Subatomic particles
-Atoms
-Chemical compounds
-Cells
-Tissues
-Organs
-Systems
-Body

12

What are the 4 types of tissues?

-Epithelial tissue
-Connective tissue
-Muscle tissue
-Neural tissue

13

Where does life begin?

Cells

14

Existence of a stable environment; a set desired range for body functions.

Homeostasis

15

What happens in the body when a organ can not maintain homeostasis?

The organ will not survive

16

A sensor that detects a change or stimulus.

*Think thermometer*

Receptor

17

Receives and process the stimuli.

*Think dial or thermostat*

Control Center

18

Cell or organ that responds to a stimuli.

*Think furnace*

Effector

19

What are the two types of Regulartory Mechanisms?

-Negative Feedback
-Positive Feedback

20

Regulatory Mechanism when a variation outside the desired Homeostatic range triggers a response to correct the situation. Results are always the opposite of what ever condition initiated the response. The provides stability or sets a limit to a process.

Example: When your blood pressure gets too high the heart will beat slower. This brings your blood pressure back to normal.

Example: When the temperature sends a signal to the thermostat which turns on the air conditioner.

Negative Feedback

------->

21

Regulatory Mechanism when a stimuli produces a response that increases the beginning effect. Resules are always the same as whatever condition initiated the response this accelerates a process to completion.

Example: An increased temperature sends a signal to the thermostat which turns on the heater.

Positive Feedback

------>
------>

22

What are 5 major needs of organisms?

-Energy
-Gases (Oxygen and Carbon dioxide)
-Water
-Salts, acids, bases
-Organic compounds

23

System of the body that controls temperature, and prevents bacterial infections.

Integumentary

24

Organ of the Integumentary system?

Skin

25

System of the body that supports and makes blood?

Skeletal

26

Organ of the skeletal system?

Bones

27

System of the body that supports, allows movement, and produces heat?

Muscular

28

Organ of the muscular system?

Muscles

29

System of the body that directs stimuli and activities?

Nervous

30

Organs of the nervous system?

Nerves and brain