Chapter 9 Flashcards Preview

A&P 1 > Chapter 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (84)
Loading flashcards...
1

Movement away from longitudinal axis of the body.

Abduction

2

(Bind muscle to bone) pass around joint and limit the joints range of muscle.

Tendons

3

Occurs in the same plane, but increases angle between articulating elements.

Extension

4

Freely movable joint

Diarthrosis

5

Movement toward longitudinal axis of the body

Adduction

6

Permits movement along only one axis-backward

Monaxial

7

Movement in anterior/posterior plane that reduces the angle between the articulating elements

Flexion

8

Pad of cartilage (in joint)

Meniscus

9

Moves structure posteriorly, slide bottom jaw posteriorly.

Retraction

10

Moves structure posteriorly, slide bottom jaw posteriorly.

Retraction

11

Moves structure anteriorly, slide bottom jaw forward.

Protraction

12

Moves structure anteriorly, slide bottom jaw forward.

Protraction

13

Lubrication to prevent friction between surfaces

Synovial fluid function (Used 3 times)

14

Opposition (touch fingers with thumb) allows a person to hold an object

Thumb

15

Head moves left/right

Left or right rotation

16

Moves structure superiorly, bite teeth.

Elevation

17

Attatches coracoids process to the humerus

Coracohumeral ligament

18

Moving your arm in a circle/loop.

Circumduction

19

Attatches coracoids process to the clavicle

Coracoclavicular ligament

20

Has widest range of movement but not very strong; is a ball and socket joint

Glenohumeral joint

21

Fluid containing pockets in connective tissue that contain synovial fluid reduce friction and act as shock absorbers

Bursae

22

Extension past the anatomical position

Hypertension

23

Lubrication to prevent friction between surfaces

Synovial fluid

24

Extension past the anatomical position

Hypertension

25

Bones in forearm only (palm face down/face up)

Pronation or suppination

26

Attatches acromion process to the clavicle

Acromioclavicular ligament

27

Inversion (foot moves medially) eversion (lateral)

Foot

28

Bones separated by pad of fibrocartilage

Symphysis

29

Permits movement along two axis forward/backward and left/right.

Biaxial

30

Attatches humerus to glenoid cavity/fossa.

Glenohumeral ligament