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Define Psychology

Is the scientific study of behaviour and mental processes in humans


Definite a behaviour

Any observable action made by a animal, specifically humans


Define cognition

A mental process.


Define a mental process

An individuals thoughts and feelings that are personal and can not be observed


What is the difference between a psychologist and a psychiatrist

A psychologist studies behaviour and mental process or conditions, and takes a non medical approach, and spend 6 years studding.

A psychiatrist treats behavioural problems and mental conditions, they take a medical approach and spend 11-14 years studding.


What does the word psychology come from?

Psych- meaning mind.
Logos- meaning study or knowledge.


What two sciences did psychology I merge from?



What are the 5 steps for psychology as a science?

1- Develop a Research question
2- Plan a Research activity that is parallel to the scientific method
3- Conduct research and collect empirical evidence
4- Complete a analysis of your results
5- Draw conclusions based on results


What are the 6 ethical issue a psychologist now must follow?

Confidentiality, Voluntary participation, Withdrawal rights, Informed consent procedures, Deception, and Debriefing.


What are ethics?

The term refers to the standards that guide individuals to identify good, desirable, and acceptable conduct. Ethics is defined as the moral correctness of a specified conduct.


What are the four psychological perspectives?

Biological, Behavioural, Cognitive, and Socio-Cultural


What is the Biological perspective look at?

This perspective looks at physical changes that occur on or in the brain.
To answer this is genetics, Brian work, heart rate(physiological).
The physical result in reaction to some sort of stimulation.


What does the Behavioural perspective look at?

This looks at physical actions and movements, and our development and experience combining to become these results.
To answer this is a response to rules, punishment and rewards.


What is the cognitive perspective defined as

It is how we acquire, process, remember and use information about our experiences, it also I how we relate this to behaviour.
To answer this is how someone knows, recognises, or the process of encoding, storing, and retrieval something.


What is the Socio-Cultural perspective about?

How we gain experiences from our environment and how our development shapes us.
To answer this is to compare the bringing up of a person in their country, state or town.


Who are the five dead old guys and what did the do?

John.B.Watson: Behaviourism- how our experiences mould our behaviour.
Wilhelm.Wundt: Structuralism- the basic building blocks of consciousness.
William James: Functionalism- finding the purpose of specific mental processes.
Carl Rogers: Humanism- explaining behaviour and mental process that focuses on the uniqueness of a individual.
Sigmund Freud: Psychoanalysis- understanding the roles of unconscious, motivation and conflicts.