# Chapter 1 Terms Flashcards Preview

## Pre-Algebra > Chapter 1 Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 Terms Deck (51)
1
Q

Polygon

A

A plane figure bounded by three or more straight-line sides.

1
Q

Exponent

A

The exponent of a number shows you how many times the base number is to be used in a multiplication.

23 Three is usually a smaller number (smaller in physical size).

2
Q

Algebra

A

A branch of mathematics

in which

letters and other symbols

are used to represent

numbers and quantities in

formulas and equations.

3
Q

Expanded Form

A

It shows each digit of a number in its place value

5,372 = 5,000+300+70+2

3
Q

Factors

A

Factors are numbers that you multiply together to create a product.

4
Q

Divisor

A

The number that divides the dividend.

For example,

when you divide 10 by 2 (10÷2 = 5), 2 is the divisor.

6
Q

Commutative property

A

Changing the order of two factors, or addends does not change the product

Division and Subtraction are not.

7
Q

Base

A

The base is the number that is multiplied by the exponent.

it is usually a larger number (larger in physical size).

8
Q

Place Value

A

The numerical value that a digit has by virtue of its position in a number.

10
Q

Multiplication property of 1

A

The product of 1 and any number is that same number.

10
Q

What Is an Algebraic Expression?

A

An expression composed of Numbers, Variables, and Operators (+,-,x,÷) no equality or inequality signs

Following is a list of some examples:

2a,

4a+b,

a2,

a-3b.

11
Q

Division Property of 1

A

The quotient of any number and 1 is that same number

12
Q

Subtraction Properties of zero

A

The difference of any number and that same number is zero

11-11=0

13
Q

Borowing

A

To take from (in subtraction) one denomination and add to the next lower.

13
Q

Quotient

A

The number resulting from division.

14
Q

Period

A

The completion of a number cycle 1,10,100,1000,10,000 etc.

14
Q

Order of Operations

A

A rule used to clarify which procedures should be performed first in a given mathematical expression.

(PEMDAS) parentheses exponents (multiplication/division) then (add/subtract)

15
Q

A

One of the numbers that produce a sum.

15
Q

Product

A

The result obtained by multiplying two or more Factors (quantities) together.

15
Q

Distributive property

A

Multiplication (only multiplication) distributes over addition/ subtraction

2(3+4)= 2x3+2x4

16
Q

Long Division

A

Division, usu. by a number of two or more digits, in which each step of the process is written down.

17
Q

Graphed

A

The Indication of a number with a dot on the number line.

18
Q

Commutative Property

A

The Property that states

Changing the order of two addends/ factors does not change their sum/ multiple

19
Q

Divedend

A

The number that is to be divided in a division problem.

For example,

when you divide

10 by 2

(10 ÷ 2 = 5),

10 is the dividend.

20
Q

Standard Form

A

Standard form is a way to write numbers using the digits 0-9.

(Another name for scientific notation.)

20
Q

Evaluate

A

To ascertain the numerical value of a function.

21
Q

Diffrence

A

The result (or answer) of a subtrahend being subtracted from a minuend.

22
Q

A

The Property that states

The sum of 0 and any number is that same number.

23
Q

A

Combining two addends to create a sum.

25
Q

Multiplication sign

A

x

27
Q

Digit

A

A single unit number that uses the symbols 0-9.

29
Q

Rounding

A

Replacing a number with an estimate of that number to a given place value.

30
Q

Subtraction

A

Finding the diffrence between a subtrahend and a minuend.

31
Q

Expression

A

A combination of numbers, symbols, and operations to represent a certain quantity.

For example,

x2 + 2x + 3 is a quadratic expression .

32
Q

Multiplication

A

Repeated addition in a different notation

33
Q

Inequality symbol

A

A symbol used to indicate a “greater than” or “less than” value. ,

34
Q

Perimeter

A

The distance around a Polygon

35
Q

Subtrahend

A

A number that is to be subtracted from a minuend

8-3=5

3 is Subtrahend

36
Q

Sum

A

37
Q

Exponential Notation

A

Scientific notation, (standard form/exponential notation) is a way of writing numbers that accommodates values too… 2x2x2= 23

39
Q

Minuend

A

A number from which the subtrahend is to be subtracted

8-3=5

8 is Minuend

40
Q

Division

A

The operation of finding out how many times the second number will go into the first when dividing one number by a second number.

It is the opposite operation of multiplication,

that is,

a / b = c

is the same as

b × c = a.

41
Q

A

The Property that states

Changing the grouping of addends does not change their sum.

43
Q

Associative property

A

Changing the grouping of the factors/addend does not change their product/sum

division and subtraction are not associative

44
Q

Division Properties of 1

A

The quotient of any number and that same number is1

45
Q

Division properties of 0

A

The quotient of 0 and any number (except 0) is 0

46
Q

Division Properties of 0

Rule 2

A

The quotient of any number and 0 is not a number it is what we call UNDEFINED.

47
Q

Natural Numbers (Counting Numbers)

A

Any number obtained by adding 1 to it one or more times

A POSITIVE WHOLE NUMBER (as 3, 12, or 432)

48
Q

Multiplication property of zero

A

The product of 0 and any number is 0

50
Q

Evaluating an Expression

A

Finding the value of an algebraic expression by substituting a value for the variable(s) and then applying the order of operations.

51
Q

Partial products

A

The product(s) obtained during the intermediate stages in order to complete a multiplication process.

127

x 12

__________

254 <——

127x <——