Chapter 1 - the language of veterinary parasitology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 - the language of veterinary parasitology Deck (73)
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1

Abberrant parasite means?

parasite that has wandered from its usual site of infection into an organ or location in which it does not ordinarily live; also called erratic parasite

2

Acaricides means?

chemical compounds developed to kill mites and ticks

3

Animalia means?

animals

4

Anthelmintics means?

chemical compounds developed to kill roundworms, tapeworms, flukes, and thorny-headed worms; also anthelminthics

5

Antiprotozoals means?

chemical compounds developed to kill protozoan organisms

6

Classification scheme means?

the way an organism can be classified (kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species)

7

Commensalism means?

type of symbiotic relationship in which one symbiont benefits while other neither benefits nor is harmed

8

Common name means?

name for a living organism in different regions of the world; may refer to different organisms in different places

9

Definitive hosts means?

hosts that harbors the adult, sexual, or mature stages of the parasite

10

Ectoparasite means:

parasite that lives on the body of the host - will produce an infestation on the host

11

Ectoparasitism means?

parasitism by a external parasite; an ectoparasite will produce an infestation on the host

12

Endoparasitism means?

parasitism by an internal parasite

13

Erratic parasite means?

same as aberrant parasite

14

Euryxenous parasite means?

parasite with a very broad host range

15

Facultative parasite means?

organism that is usually free-living (non-parasitic) in nature that develops a parasitic existence in certain hosts

16

Fungi means?

One of the 5 kingdoms in the classification scheme (Planta, aminalia, protista, monera, and fungi)

17

Genus name means?

the group a particular type of animal, parasite or plant belongs to

18

Homoxenous parasite means?

parasite that will infect only one type of host; also called monoxenous parasite

19

Host means?

in a parasitic relationship, the member in which or on which the parasite lives

20

Incidental parasite means?

parasite that is found in a host in which it does not usually live

21

Infection means?

a condition caused by an endoparasite , within the host's body

22

Infestation means?

a condition caused by an ectoparasite, outside or on the host's body

23

Insecticides means?

chemical compounds developed to kill insects

24

Intermediate host means?

host that harbors the larval, juvenile, immature, or asexual stages of the parasite. A parasite may have more than one intermediate host.

25

Life cycle means?

development of a parasite through its various life stages. Every parasite has its own distinct, individual life cycle with at least one definitive host and may have one or more intermediate hosts.

26

Monera means?

One of the 5 kingdoms in the classification scheme (Planta, aminalia, protista, monera, and fungi)

27

Monoxenous parasite means?

parasite that will infect only one type of host; also called Homoxenous parasite

28

Mutualism means?

type of symbiotic relationship in which both organisms in the symbiotic relationship derive some benefit.

29

Obligatory parasite means?

parasite that must lead a parasitic existence; are not capable of leading a free-living existence; most parasites of domestic animals are obligatory parasites

30

Parasite means?

in a parasitic relationship, the member that lives on or within the host.