Chapter 1 - The Science of the Mind Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 - The Science of the Mind Deck (7)
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1

Introspection

- process through which one "looks within" to observe and record the contents of one's own mental life

2

Behaviourist theory

- broad principles concerned with how behaviour changes in response to different configurations of stimuli (incl. rewards and punishments
- in its early days, it sought to avoid mentalistic terms (representations or processes inside the mind)

3

Transcendental method

- Immanuel Kant
- investigator first observes the effects or consequences of a process
- then asks "What must the process have been to bring about these effects"

4

Response time

- amount of time (usually in ms) needed for a person to respond to a particular event

5

Cognitive neuroscience

- effort toward understanding humans' mental functioning through close study of the brain and nervous system

6

Clinical neuropsychology

- study of brain function that uses, as its main data source, cases in which damage or illness has disrupted the working of some brain structure

7

Neuroimaging techniques

- noninvasive methods for examining either the structure or the activation pattern within a living brain