chapter 1 vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in chapter 1 vocab Deck (18):
1

law

standards of conduct or a system of rules established by an authority

2

parents patriae

Latin for Father of the People, a legal concept whereby the gov't takes on the role of parent

3

apodictic

pertaining to an expression or statement of absolute certainty

do not leave room for interpretation

4

casuistry

a method of reasoning or legal analysis using conditions and results

provide consequence or punishment that apodictic laws lack

5

sovereign

having independent and supreme power and authority

6

common law

law developed by judges through court decisions rather than through a legislature

7

precedence

a decision by a court made in the past that is used to determine the outcome of a current court case

8

autonomy

being independent, making your own decisions; the right of self-governance

9

jurisprudence

the theory, philosophy, science, or study of the law

10

legislative branch

designed so the people can be represented by gov't
contains 2 Chambers: Senate The House of Reps

11

executive branch

held by President
power to execute laws

12

judicial branch

interpret the law

13

the preamble

fundamentals purpose principles & goals of the constitution

14

harm principle

person causing harm should be held responsible
criminal laws & tort laws

15

parents principal

gov't takes on the roll of a parent (Parens Patriae)

16

morality principle

based on religion, focuses on type of behavior society will allow
ex: abortion laws or cloning laws

17

donation principle

focuses on helping the less fortunate
ex: welfare programs, & disability laws

18

static principle

rules used to help society function
keeping certifications up to date