chapter 2 vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in chapter 2 vocab Deck (15):
1

plaintiff

the party who brings a civil claim of wrongdoing against another party; or in criminal prosecutions, the state, district, or federal government

2

defendant

the person accused of wrongdoing in a civil case, or the person charges with a crime in criminal prosecutions

3

jurisdiction

the authority provided to a court to preside over specific legal matters

4

interrogatories

a formal set of written questions provided to opposing parties in a lawsuit that help attorneys discover facts about the case

5

deposition

the taking of testimony of a witness, under oath, by an attorney before a trial

6

perjury

intentionally lying under oath, a criminal offense for making a knowingly false statement under oath

7

arbitration

a process using a neutral, unbiased third party to make a final decision about a dispute

8

mediation

a process using a neutral party who gets the parties to work together to resolve their differences

9

civil law

a law that covers the rights and remedies of individuals

10

the difference between a felony & a misdemeanor

is determined by how long a person can & where they will be incarcerated

11

felony

any crime punishable by serving more than 1 year in prison or jail

12

misdemeanor

a crime punishable by paying a fine or serving no more than 1 year in jail

13

2 factors in defining the law of assault

the notion of intentional threat against another
the notion of physical harm

14

using elements to apply the law

turn each element into a Yes or No question

15

path of a lawsuit

wrong or injury occurs
wrong or injury discovered
lawsuit is filed
parties are notified
pretrial conference
trial