Flashcards in Chapter 1 Vocab Deck (32):
The study of the structure and shape of the body and the body parts and their relationships to one another.
The study of how the body and it's parts work or function.
The smallest units of all living things.
consist of groups of simuliar cells that have a common function.
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within a living cell.
The structure that is composed of two or more tissue types and performs a specific function for the body.
A group of organs that cooperate to accomplish a common purpose.
Highest level of structural organization.
the chemical processes that occur within a living organism in order to maintain life.
Describes the body's ability to maintain relatively stable internal conditions even though the outside world is constantly changing.
occurs when some function of the output of a system, process, or mechanism is fed back in a manner that tends to reduce the fluctuations in the output, whether caused by changes in the input or by other disturbances.
First component; Some type of sensor that monitors and responds to such changes in the environment.
Determines the level at which the variable is to be maintained, analyzes the information it receives and then determines the appropriate response or course of action.
Provides the means for the control center"s response to the stimulus.
These control infrequent events that occur explosively and do not require continuous adjustment.
The body in standard position.
The head end or upper part of the body
Away from the head end or toward the lower part.
situated toward the front of the body : ventral
Situated toward the back of the body.
A cut made along the lengthwise, or longitudinal, plane of the body dividing the body into right and left parts.
A cut made along a horizontal plane that divides the body into top and bottom sections.
A cut made along a horizontal plane that divides the body into Front and back sections.
A cut made horizontally.
Separated from the rest of the ventral cavity by a domed shape muscle.
Superior; stomach, liver, intestines, and other organs.
Inferior; reproductive organs, bladder, and rectum.
A membrane that lines a cavity without an opening to the outside of the body.
a natural hollow or sinus within the body
s the thin fluid-filled space between the two pulmonary pleurae (visceral and parietal) of each lung.
is a potential space between the parietal peritoneum and visceral peritoneum, that is, the two membranes that separate the organs in the abdominal cavity from the abdominal wall.