Chapter 1 Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

Honors Biology 1st Semester Exam > Chapter 1 Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 Vocabulary Deck (17):
1

Reacts to the changes in the manipulated variable

Responding Variable

2

A widely accepted and thoroughly tested explanation

Theory

3

The variable that is deliberately changed

Manipulated variable

4

An experiment in which only one variable is changed at a time

Controlled experiment

5

The false theory that living things such as maggots and mice originated from nonliving things like meat and grain

Spontaneous generation

6

A proposed scientific explanation for a set of observations

Hypothesis

7

A logical interpretation based on prior knowledge or experience

Inference

8

The information gathered from observations

Data

9

The process of gathering information about events or processes in a careful, orderly way

Observation

10

An organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural world.

The body of knowledge that scientists have built up after using this process

Science

11

The science that employs the scientific method to study living things

Biology

12

The smallest unit of an organism that can be considered alive

Cell

13

The process of an organism using energy to keep its inner functions constant

Homeostasis

14

Reproduction from two parents, having a new and different offspring

Sexual reproduction

15

Reproduction from one parent, usually producing a clone

Asexual reproduction

16

The series of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials

Metabolism

17

A signal to which an organism responds

Stimulus