Review Chapter 1 - The Science of Biology Flashcards Preview

Honors Biology 1st Semester Exam > Review Chapter 1 - The Science of Biology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Review Chapter 1 - The Science of Biology Deck (32):
1

What is science?

An organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural world

2

What are the 3 goals of science?

1.) To investigate & understand the natural world
2.) To explain events in the natural world
3.) To make useful predictions from those explanations

3

What are the steps of the scientific method?

Observation, Question, Hypothesis, Plan an experiment, Collect & analyze data, and Draw conclusions

4

Quantitative data is _______.

Numerical

5

Qualitative data is _______.

Characteristics (The 5 senses)

6

An observation is a(n) _______.

Fact

7

An inference is a(n) _________.

Conclusion based on facts with the addition of logic and or reason.

8

The deliberately changed variable in an experiment is the ___________.

Independent of manipulated variable

9

The variable that is observed is the __________.

Dependent or responding variable

10

The variable that changes in response to the manipulated variable is the ______.

Dependent or responding variable

11

What is a standard for comparison in a scientific experiment?

A control

12

Quantities that don't change during a controlled test of the hypothesis are called _______.

Constants

13

A _______ experiment is an experiment in which only one variable is changed at a time.

Controlled or scientific

14

A proposed scientific explanation for a set of observations is called a ______.

Hypothesis

15

Spontaneous generation is __________.

The idea that life could arise form nonliving matter

16

Name 4 scientists that studied spontaneous generation.

Redi, Spallanzani, Needham, & Pasteur

17

Describe Pasteur's experiment.

He had a curved-necked glass that allowed in air, but not microorganisms, and none appeared until, after a year, he broke off the necks.

18

Describe Redi's experiment.

He had covered & uncovered jars with meat & counted the maggots.

19

Describe Spallanzani's experiment.

He heated a flask of gravy (longer than Needham) and sealed it. No microorganisms grew.

20

Describe Needham's experiment.

He heated gravy and sealed it, but there were still microorganisms. He didn't heat it enough.

21

What is the name for a hypothesis that has been tested and supported many times?

Theory

22

Name the 8 characteristics of living things.

1.) Made of cells
2.) Change over time
3.) Reproduce
4.) Respond to their surroundings
5.) Are based on a universal genetic code
6.) Grow & develop
7.) Obtain and use materials and energy
8.) Work towards and maintain homeostasis

23

Name the 10 themes of biology.

1.) Homeostasis
2.) Science as a way of knowing
3.) Interdependence in nature
4.) Matter & energy
5.) Cellular basis of life
6.) Information & heredity
7.) Unity & diversity of life
8.) Evolution
9.) Structure & function
10.) Science, technology, & society

24

Botany

Plants

25

Zoology

Animals

26

Ichthyology

Fish

27

Biology

Life

28

Cytology

Cells

29

Herpetology

Reptiles & amphibians

30

Paleontology

Fossils

31

Genetics

Heredity

32

Taxonomy

Classification of organisms