Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (143):
1

an-

lack of

2

anti-

against

3

auto-

self

4

ana-

up

5

extra-

beyond

6

hyper-

excessive

7

hypo-

deficient, below

8

mono-

one

9

pan-

all

10

poly-

many

11

pro-

before

12

trans-

across

13

hyp-

deficient

14

aden

gland

15

aden/o

gland

16

agglutinat

clumping

17

all

other

18

angi/o

vessel

19

anis/o

unequal

20

bas/o

base

21

calc

lime, calcium

22

chromat

color

23

fus

to pour

24

coagul

to clot

25

creatin

flesh, creatine

26

cyt

cell

27

hem

blood

28

cyto/o

cell

29

eosin/o

rose-colored

30

erythr/o

red

31

globul

globe

32

granul/o

little grain

33

hemat

blood

34

hemat/o

blood

35

hem/o

blood

36

leuk

white

37

leuk/o

white

38

lipid

fat

39

log

study of

40

lymph

lymph

41

lymph/o

lymph

42

macr/o

large

43

neutr/o

neither

44

nucle

kernel, nucleus

45

phag/o

eat, engulf

46

plasma

a thing formed, plasma

47

reticul/o

net

48

septic

putrefying

49

ser/o

whey, serum

50

sider/o

iron

51

fibr

fiber

52

splen/o

spleen

53

thalass

sea

54

thromb

clot

55

thromb/o

clot

56

thym

thymus

57

fibrin/o

fiber

58

tonsill

tonsil

59

poiet

formation

60

immun/o

immunity

61

ang

vessel

62

ser (a)

whey, serum

63

plast

a developing

64

vas (at)

vessel

65

vascul

small vessel

66

-able

capable

67

-ant

forming

68

-blast

immature cell, germ cell

69

-body

body

70

-edema

swelling

71

-crit

to separate

72

-culture

cultivation

73

-cyte

cell

74

-ectomy

surgical excision

75

-emia

blood condition

76

-ergy

work

77

-gen

formation, produce

78

-phylaxis

guarding, protection

79

-globin

globe, protein

80

-um

tissue

81

-ic

pertaining to

82

-in

chemical

83

-ion

process

84

-ist

one who specializes

85

-itis

inflammation

86

-logy

study of

87

-lysis

destruction

88

-megaly

enlargement

89

-oma

mass, fluid collection

90

-osis

condition

91

-penia

lack of

92

-pheresis

removal

93

-phil

attraction

94

-philia

attraction

95

-poiesis

formation

96

-rrhage

bursting forth

97

-stasis

control, stop, stand still

98

-tomy

incision

99

-ia

condition

100

-oxia

oxygen

101

autotransfusion

Process of reinfusing a patients own blood

102

erythrocyte

Mature red blood cell that does not contain a nucleus

103

erythropoietin

Hormone that stimulates the production of red blood cells

104

extravasation

Process by which fluids and/or medications escape from the blood vessel into surrounding tissue

105

hemorrhage

Bleeding

106

immunoglobulin

Blood protein capable of acting as an antibody

107

hemochromatosis

Genetic disease condition in which iron is not metabolized properly and accumulates in body tissues.

108

radioimmunoassay

Method of determining the concentration of protein-bound hormones in the blood plasma

109

reticulocyte

Red blood cell containing a network of granules

110

thrombectomy

surgical excision of a blood clot

111

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

AIDS

112

body systems isolation

BSI

113

hemoglobin

Hb, Hgb, HGB

114

Hct

hematocrit

115

human immunodeficiency virus

HIV

116

PCP

pneumocystis carinii

117

PT

prothrombin time

118

RBC

red blood cell

119

radioimmunoassay

RIA

120

process of clumping together

agglutination

121

an individual hypersensitivity to a substance that is usually harmless

allergy

122

protein substance produced in the body in response to an invading foreign substance

antibody

123

substance that works against the formation of blood clots

anticoagulant

124

invading foreign substance that induces the formation of antibodies

antigen

125

a white blood cell that has an attraction for a base dye

basophil

126

capable of forming a clot

coagulable

127

excess of creatine in the blood

creatinemia

128

granular leukocyte

granulocyte

129

literally means one who specializes in the study of the blood

hematologist

130

blood protein

hemoglobin

131

pathological condition of excessive amounts of sugar in the blood

hyperglycemia

132

pathological condition of excessive amounts of lipids in the blood

hyperlipidemia

133

white blood cell

leukocyte

134

control or stopping of the flow of lymph

lymphostasis

135

condition of excessive amounts of mononuclear leukocytes in the blood

mononucleosis

136

chemical substance that interacts with calcium salts to produce thrombin

prothrombin

137

abnormal enlargement of the spleen

splenomegaly

138

clotting cell; blood platelet

thromboplastin

139

Blood test to identify antigen-antibody reactions

antinuclear antibodies (ANA)

140

Blood test that includes a hematocrit

Complete blood count (CBC)

141

Blood test performed on while blood to determine the percentage of red blood cells

Hematocrit

142

Blood test to determine to the number of leukocytes present

white blood count (WBC)

143

Puncture of the earlobe or forearm to determine the time required for blood to stop flowing

bleeding time