Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (144):
1

an-

lack of

2

epi-

above

3

hypo-

deficient, below

4

peri-

around

5

dia-

through

6

dys-

difficult

7

hyper-

excessive

8

mal-

bad

9

post-

after

10

sub-

below

11

absorpt

to suck in

12

amyl

starch

13

catabol

a casting down

14

append

appendix

15

bil/i

gall, bile

16

celi

abdomen, belly

17

chol/e

gall, bile

18

aden

gland

19

anabol

a building up

20

cirrh

orange-yellow

21

appendic

appendix

22

bucc

cheek

23

cheil

lip

24

choledoch/o

common bile duct

25

col

colon

26

col/o

colon

27

colon

colon

28

colon/o

colon

29

cyst

bladder

30

dent

tooth

31

contipat

to press together

32

diverticul

diverticula

33

duoden

duodenum

34

enter

intestine

35

defecat

to remove dregs

36

esophage/o

esophagus

37

gastr

stomach

38

gastr/o

stomach

39

gingiv

gums

40

gloss/o

tongue

41

glyc/o

sweet, sugar

42

hemat

blood

43

hepat

liver

44

hepat/o

liver

45

herni/o

hernia

46

ile

ileum

47

ile/o

ileum

48

labi

lip

49

lapar/o

abdomen

50

laxat

to loosen

51

lingu

tongue

52

lip/o

fat

53

log

study of

54

mes

middle

55

pancreat

pancreas

56

pept

to digest

57

pharyng/e

pharynx

58

prand/i

meal

59

eme

to vomit

60

proct/o

anus and rectum

61

pylor

pylorus, gatekeeper

62

rect/o

rectum

63

sial

saliva, salivary

64

sigmoid/o

sigmoid

65

splen/o

spleen

66

stomat

mouth

67

eructat

a breaking out

68

verm/i

worm

69

halit

breath

70

hemorrh

vein liable to bleed

71

alimentat

nourishment

72

masticat

to chew

73

paralyt

to disable; paralysis

74

pil/o

hair

75

nid

nest

76

volvul

to roll

77

odont

tooth

78

beofre meals

ac

79

BM

bowel movement

80

BS

bowel sounds

81

chol

cholesterol

82

gallbladder

GB

83

hepatitis A virus

HAV

84

NG

nasogastric (tube)

85

NPO, npo

nothing by mouth

86

after meals

pc

87

total parental nutrition

TPN

88

-ac

pertaining to

89

-al

pertaining to

90

-algia

pain, ache

91

-ary

pertaining to

92

-ase

enzyme

93

-cele

hernia

94

-oid

resemble

95

-sis

condition

96

-ectomy

surgical excision

97

-emesis

vomitting

98

-form

shape

99

-genesis

produce, formation

100

-ic

pertaining to

101

-in

chemical

102

-ion

process

103

-ism

condition

104

-ist

one who specializes

105

-itis

inflammation

106

-logy

study of

107

-lysis

destruction, to separate

108

-megaly

enlargement, large

109

-oma

tumor

110

-orexia

appetitie

111

-osis

condition

112

-rrhea

flow

113

-pepsia

to digest

114

-us

pertaining to

115

-phagia

to eat, to swallow

116

-scope

instrument used to examine

117

-scopy

visual examination, to view, examine

118

-stalsis

contraction

119

-stomy

new opening

120

-tomy

incision

121

-y

pertaining to

122

-rrhaphy

suture

123

enzyme that breaks down starch

amylase

124

Building up of the body substance in the constructive phase of metabolism

anabolism

125

lack of appetite

anorexia

126

surgical excision of the appendix

appendectomy

127

pertaining to bile and the gallbladder

biliary

128

pertaining to the abdomen

celiac

129

Difficulty in swallowing

dysphagia

130

Inflammation of the liver

hepatitis

131

Surgical repair of a hernia

herniorrhaphy

132

Pertaining to after meals

postprandial (PP)

133

Enlargement of the spleen

splenomegaly

134

An instrument used in a medical procedure to view the interior of the sigmoid colon

sigmoidoscope

135

cirrhosis

chronic degenerative liver disease characterized by changes in the lobes

136

constipation

infrequent passage of unduly hard and dry feces

137

diarrhea

Frequent passage of unformed watery stools

138

gavage

To feed liquid or semiliquid food via a tube

139

hemorrhoid

Mass of dilated, tortuous veins in the anorectum

140

hernia

Abnormal protrusion

141

hyperalimentation

Intravenous infusion of a hypertonic solution to sustain life

142

lavage

To wash out a cavity

143

pilonidal cyst

Closed sac in the crease of the sacrococygeal region

144

volvulus

Twisting of the bowel on itself that causes an obstruction