Chapter 9 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (149):
1

a-

lack of

2

brady-

slow

3

bi-

two

4

con-

together, with

5

end-

within

6

endo-

within

7

extra-

outside

8

hyper-

excessive, above

9

hypo-

deficient, below

10

peri-

around

11

dys-

difficult

12

semi-

half

13

tachy-

rapid

14

tri-

three

15

ang/i

vessel

16

angin

to choke

17

angi/o

vessel

18

anastom

opening

19

aort/o

aorta

20

arter

artery

21

arter/i

artery

22

arteri/o

artery

23

ather

fatty substance, porridge

24

ather/o

fatty substance, porridge

25

atri

atrium

26

atri/o

atrium

27

card

heart

28

card/i

heart

29

cardi/o

heart

30

cyan

dark blue

31

auscultat

listen to

32

dilat

to widen

33

electr/o

electricity

34

embol

a throwing in

35

glyc

sweet, sugar

36

hem

blood

37

isch

to hold back

38

chol/e

bile

39

log

study of

40

lun

moon

41

man/o

thin

42

mitr

mitral valve

43

my/o

muscle

44

circulat

circular

45

oxy

sour, sharp, acid

46

phleb

vein

47

phleb/o

vein

48

phon/o

sound

49

pulmonar

lung

50

rrhythm

rhythm

51

scler

hardening

52

sin/o

a curve

53

sphygm/o

pulse

54

sten

narrowing

55

steth/o

chest

56

strict

to draw, to bind

57

claudicat

to limp

58

tens

pressure

59

thromb

clot of blood

60

vascul

small vessel

61

vas/o

vessel

62

ech/o

reflected sound

63

ven/i

vein

64

corpor/e

body

65

ventricul

ventricle

66

fibrillat

fibrils

67

hem/o

blood

68

dynam

power

69

infarct

infarct

70

occlus

to close up

71

ox/i

oxygen

72

palpitat

throbbing

73

sept

a partition

74

tel

end

75

thromb/o

clot of blood

76

sterol

solid (fat)

77

pector

chest

78

lipid

fat

79

-ac

pertaining to

80

-al

pertaining to

81

-ar

pertaining to

82

-gram

record

83

-centesis

surgical puncture

84

-cuspid

point

85

-metry

measurement

86

-ectasis

dilatation

87

-ectomy

surgical excision

88

-emia

blood condition

89

-er

relating to

90

-gen

formation, produce

91

-graph

instrument for recording

92

-graphy

recording

93

-ia

condition

94

-ic

pertaining to

95

-ide

having a particular quality

96

-ion

process

97

-ism

condition

98

-ist

one who specializes

99

-itis

inflammation

100

-ive

nature of, quality of

101

-logy

study of

102

-megaly

enlargement, large

103

-meter

instrument to measure

104

-oma

tumor

105

-or

one who, a doer

106

-osis

condition

107

-pathy

disease

108

-plasty

surgical repair

109

-puncture

to pierce

110

-scope

instrument for examining

111

-spasm

contraction, spasm

112

-tomy

incision

113

-um

tissue

114

-y

pertaining to

115

tumor of a blood vessel

angioma

116

video x-ray technique used to evaluate patient for CV surgery

angiocardiography

117

surgical repair of a blood vessel

angioplasty

118

pathological condition of narrowing of a blood vessel

angiostenosis

119

irregularity or loss rhythm of the heartbeat

arrhythmia

120

inflammation of an artery

arteritis

121

valve with two cusps

bicuspid

122

physician who specializes in the study of the heart

cardiologist

123

enlargement of the heart

cardiomegaly

124

pertaining to the heart and lungs

cardiopulmonary

125

process of drawing together as in the narrowing of a vessel

constriction

126

condition in which a blood clot obstructs a blood vessel

thrombosis

127

literally means inflammation of a vein

phlebitis

128

rapid heartbeat

tachycardia

129

medicine that acts directly on smooth muscles cells within blood vessels to make them widen

vasodilator

130

acute myocardial infarction

AMI

131

atrioventricular

A-V, AV

132

BP

blood pressure

133

CAD

coronary artery disease

134

cardiac catheterization

CC

135

ECG, EKG

electrocardiogram

136

HDL

high-density lipoprotein

137

heart and lungs

H&L

138

MI

myocardial infarction

139

tPA, TPA

tissue plasminogen activator

140

medical procedure used to treat cardiac arrhythmias

cardioversion

141

quivering of muscle fiber

fibrillation

142

fat and protein molecules that are bound together

lipoprotein

143

a normal soft, waxy substance found among the lipids

cholesterol

144

literally means process of lameness

claudication

145

an abnormality of the rhythm or rate of the heartbeat

dysrhythmia

146

relaxation phase of the heart cycle

diastole

147

contraction phase of the heart

systole

148

an abnormal rapid throbbing or fluttering of the heart

palpitation

149

process of being closed

occlusion