Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology > Chapter 10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (39):
1

What is the thematic apperception test?

A projectile test where people express their inner feelings and interests through stories they make up about different scenes

2

What does the terror management theory do?

Explores people's emotional and behavioral responses to reminders of their impending death

3

What is Rorschach's inkbolt test?

A set of 10 ink bolts that try to identify people's inner feelings by analyzing their interpretations of the bolts

4

What is the false consensus test?

The tendency to overestimate the extent to which other share our beliefs and behaviors

5

What is a personality inventory?

A questionnaire where people respond to items designed to gauge a wide variety of feelings and behaviors

6

What is a trait?

A characteristic pattern of behavior or a disposition to feel or act

7

What is unconscious?

A reservoir of unacceptable thoughts, feelings, memories, and wishes

8

What are psychodynamic theories?

Modern day approaches that view personality wth a focus on the unconscious and childhood experiences

9

What are defense mechanisms?

The egos protective method of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality

10

What is collective unconscious?

Carl jungs concept of a shared, inherited reservoir of memory traces from our species history

11

What's is unconditional positive regard?

An attitude of total acceptance towards another person

12

What is a projective test?

A personality test that provides debatable stimuli designed to trigger projection of ones inner thoughts

13

What is self concept?

All of our thoughts and feelings about ourselves

14

What is fixation?

A lingering focus of pleasure seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage where conflicts were not resolved

15

What is identification?

The process where children incorporate their parents values into their developing super egos

16

What is Oedipus complex?

A boys sexual attraction towards his mother and feelings of jealous towards the father

17

What is The cognitive social perspective?

A view that behavior is influenced by the interaction between people's traits and their social context

18

What is the id?

A reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives

19

What are psychosexual stages?

The childhood stages of development where the id's pleasure seeking energies focus on distinct zones

20

What is the behavioral approach?

A perspective that focuses on the effects of learning on our personality development

21

What is psychoanalysis?

The techniques used in treating psychological disorders by trying to expose and interpret unconscious tensions

22

What is free association?

A method of exploring the unconscious where a person says whatever comes to mind

23

What is reciprocal determinism?

The interacting influences of behavior, internal cognition, and environment

24

What is repression?

A defense mechanism that banishes anxiety arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness

25

What is self actualization?

One of the ultimate psychological needs that arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met

26

What is the super ego?

The Part of personality that represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgment and future aspirations

27

What is collectivism?

Giving priority to goals of one's group and defining one's identity according to it

28

What do humanistic theories do?

View personality with a focus on the potential for healthy growth

29

What is positive psychology?

The scientific study of human functioning. Aims to discover and promote strengths and virtues that enable people to thrive

30

What is individualism?

Giving priority to one's own goals over group goals and defining one's identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications

31

What is narcissism?

Excessive self love and self-absorption

32

What is the self?

The center of personality, the organizer of our thoughts, feelings, and actions

33

What is empirically derived test?

A test developed by testing a pool of items and then selecting those that discriminate between groups

34

What is the Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory (MMPI)?

The most widely researched and clinically used of all personality test. It was originally developed to identify emotional disorders but now it has many other purposes.

35

What is the spotlight effect?

The tendency to overestimate others noticing and evaluating our appearance, performance, and blunders

36

What is the ego?

The conscious part of our personality that mediates among other demands of the id, superego, and reality

37

What is self-esteem?

One's feelings of low or high self worth

38

What is self efficacy?

One sense of competence and effectiveness

39

What is self-serving bias?

A readiness to perceive oneself favorable