Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (39):
What is the thematic apperception test?
A projectile test where people express their inner feelings and interests through stories they make up about different scenes
What does the terror management theory do?
Explores people's emotional and behavioral responses to reminders of their impending death
What is Rorschach's inkbolt test?
A set of 10 ink bolts that try to identify people's inner feelings by analyzing their interpretations of the bolts
What is the false consensus test?
The tendency to overestimate the extent to which other share our beliefs and behaviors
What is a personality inventory?
A questionnaire where people respond to items designed to gauge a wide variety of feelings and behaviors
What is a trait?
A characteristic pattern of behavior or a disposition to feel or act
What is unconscious?
A reservoir of unacceptable thoughts, feelings, memories, and wishes
What are psychodynamic theories?
Modern day approaches that view personality wth a focus on the unconscious and childhood experiences
What are defense mechanisms?
The egos protective method of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality
What is collective unconscious?
Carl jungs concept of a shared, inherited reservoir of memory traces from our species history
What's is unconditional positive regard?
An attitude of total acceptance towards another person
What is a projective test?
A personality test that provides debatable stimuli designed to trigger projection of ones inner thoughts
What is self concept?
All of our thoughts and feelings about ourselves
What is fixation?
A lingering focus of pleasure seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage where conflicts were not resolved
What is identification?
The process where children incorporate their parents values into their developing super egos
What is Oedipus complex?
A boys sexual attraction towards his mother and feelings of jealous towards the father
What is The cognitive social perspective?
A view that behavior is influenced by the interaction between people's traits and their social context
What is the id?
A reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives
What are psychosexual stages?
The childhood stages of development where the id's pleasure seeking energies focus on distinct zones
What is the behavioral approach?
A perspective that focuses on the effects of learning on our personality development
What is psychoanalysis?
The techniques used in treating psychological disorders by trying to expose and interpret unconscious tensions
What is free association?
A method of exploring the unconscious where a person says whatever comes to mind
What is reciprocal determinism?
The interacting influences of behavior, internal cognition, and environment
What is repression?
A defense mechanism that banishes anxiety arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness
What is self actualization?
One of the ultimate psychological needs that arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met
What is the super ego?
The Part of personality that represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgment and future aspirations
What is collectivism?
Giving priority to goals of one's group and defining one's identity according to it
What do humanistic theories do?
View personality with a focus on the potential for healthy growth
What is positive psychology?
The scientific study of human functioning. Aims to discover and promote strengths and virtues that enable people to thrive
What is individualism?
Giving priority to one's own goals over group goals and defining one's identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications
What is narcissism?
Excessive self love and self-absorption
What is the self?
The center of personality, the organizer of our thoughts, feelings, and actions
What is empirically derived test?
A test developed by testing a pool of items and then selecting those that discriminate between groups
What is the Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory (MMPI)?
The most widely researched and clinically used of all personality test. It was originally developed to identify emotional disorders but now it has many other purposes.
What is the spotlight effect?
The tendency to overestimate others noticing and evaluating our appearance, performance, and blunders
What is the ego?
The conscious part of our personality that mediates among other demands of the id, superego, and reality
What is self-esteem?
One's feelings of low or high self worth
What is self efficacy?
One sense of competence and effectiveness