Flashcards in Unit 13 Deck (38):
What are antidepressant drugs?
Drugs used to treat depression, anxiety disorder, OCD, and PTSD
What are antianxiety drugs?
Drug is used to control anxiety and agitation
What are antipsychotic drugs?
Drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other forms of severe thought disorder
What is psychopharmacology ?
The study of the effect of drugs on mind and behavior
What is behavior therapy?
Therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted ones
What are insight therapies?
A variety of therapies that aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing a persons awareness of underlying motives and defenses
What is client centered therapy?
When a therapist uses techniques such as active listening with a genuine, accepting, empathetic environment to facilitate clients growth
What is active listening?
Where the listener echoes, re-states, and clarifies the other person
what is unconditional positive regard?
A caring, accepting, nonjudgmental attitude towards others
What is psychotherapy?
Treatment involving an interaction between therapist and patient
What is biomedical therapy?
Prescribed medications or procedures that act directly on a persons physiology
What did Freuds psychoanalysis believe?
Patients free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences released Will allow the patient to gain self insight
What is resistance?
The blocking from consciousness of anxiety material
What is interpretation?
The analysts noting of dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors to promote insight
What is transference?
The patients transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships
How can we listen actively in our own relationships?
Paraphrase, invite clarification, and reflect feelings
What is family therapy?
Therapy that treats the family as a system
What is group therapy?
Therapy conducted with groups, permitting therapeutic benefits from group interaction
What is cognitive – behavioral therapy? (CBT)
A popular integrative therapy that combines cognitive and behavior therapy
What is rational – emotive behavior therapy? (REBT)
Confrontational cognitive therapy that vigorously challenges people self defeating attitudes and assumptions
What is cognitive therapy?
Therapy that teaches people new ways of thinking
What is a token economy
In operant conditioning procedure where people earn a token for good behavior and can later exchange them for privileges
What is aversive conditioning?
A type of counterconditioning that associates and unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior
What is virtual-reality exposure therapy?
An anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to electronic simulations of their greatest fears
What is systematic desensitization?
A type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant, relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety triggering stimuli
What are exposure therapies?
Behavioral techniques that trigger anxieties by exposing people to the things they fear and avoid
What is counter conditioning?
Behavior therapy procedures that use classical conditioning to revoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors
What is lobotomy?
A procedure that cuts the nerves connecting the frontal lobe's to the emotion controlling centers of the brain
What is psychosurgery?
Surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior
What is Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)?
Biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electrical current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient
What is a repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTSM)?
The application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain
What is regression towards the mean?
The tendency for extreme or unusual scores to fall back on their average
What is meta-analysis?
The procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies
What is Evidence-based practice?
A clinical decision-making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and patient Preferences
What is therapeutic alliance?
A bond of trust in a mutual understanding between a therapist and client
What is resilience?
The personal strength that helps people cope with stress and recover from adversity
What is the eclectic approach?
An approach to psychotherapy that uses techniques from various forms of therapy