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Flashcards in Unit 12 Deck (33):
1

What is illness anxiety disorder?

A disorder where a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease

2

What is social anxiety disorder?

Intense fear of social situations, leading to avoidance of them

3

What is agoraphobia?

Fear or avoidance of situations, such as crowds or wide open places

4

What is conversion disorder?

A disorder where a person experiences specific genuine physical symptoms but no physiological basis can be found

5

What are phobias?

An anxiety disorder marked by a persistent fear and avoidance of a specific object, activity, or situation

6

What is panic disorder?

An anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable, minute long episodes of intense dread

7

What physical symptoms occur during a panic attack?

Choking, chest pain, frightening sensations, and a terror

8

What is generalized anxiety disorder?

An anxiety disorder where a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic NS arousal

9

What is the DSM-5?

A widely used system for classifying psychological disorders

10

What is the medical model?

The concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and cured usually through treatment in a hospital

11

What is ADHD?

A psychological disorder marked by one or more of 3 key symptoms:
1. Extreme inattention
2. Hyperactivity
3. Impulsivity

12

What is a psychological disorder?

A syndrome marked by a clinically significant disturbance in an individuals cognition, emotion, regulation, or behavior

13

What are anxiety disorders?

Psychological disorder characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety, or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety

14

What is OCD?

A disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts and/or actions

15

What is PTSD?

A disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, numbness, and insomnia that last longer than 4 weeks after a traumatic experience

16

What is Posttraumatic growth?

Positive psychological changes as a result of struggling with extremely challenging circumstances in life crises

17

What is antisocial personality disorder?

A personality disorder where a person shows a lack of conscience for wrongdoing

18

What are personality disorders?

Psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns and impairs social functioning

19

What is binge eating disorder?

Significant binge – eating episodes followed by distress, disgust, or guilt but without purging or fasting

20

What is Bulimia Nervosa?

An eating disorder where a person alternates binge eating with purging, excessive exercise, or fasting

21

What is anorexia nervosa?

An eating disorder where a person maintains a starvation diet despite being significantly underweight

22

What are dissociative disorders?

Disorders where Conscious awareness becomes separated from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings

23

What is dissociative identity disorder?

The rare dissociative disorder where a person shows two or more alternating personalities

24

What is somatic symptom disorder?

A psychological disorder where the symptoms take a somatic form without apparent physical cause

25

What is a hallucination?

False sensory experience

26

What are the delusions?

False beliefs that may accompany psychotic disorders?

27

What is psychosis?

A psychological disorder in which a person loses contact with reality

28

What is schizophrenia?

A psychological disorder characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and/or diminished or inappropriate emotional expression

29

What are mood disorders?

Psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes

30

What is major depressive disorder?

A mood disorder where a person experiences 2+ weeks with 5+ symptoms and one must be a depressed mood or loss of interest

31

What is mania?

A mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state

32

What is bipolar disorder?

A mood disorder in which a person alternates between being hopeless and in an overexcited state

33

What is rumination?

Overthinking about our problems and their causes