Flashcards in Unit 12 Deck (33):
What is illness anxiety disorder?
A disorder where a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease
What is social anxiety disorder?
Intense fear of social situations, leading to avoidance of them
What is agoraphobia?
Fear or avoidance of situations, such as crowds or wide open places
What is conversion disorder?
A disorder where a person experiences specific genuine physical symptoms but no physiological basis can be found
What are phobias?
An anxiety disorder marked by a persistent fear and avoidance of a specific object, activity, or situation
What is panic disorder?
An anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable, minute long episodes of intense dread
What physical symptoms occur during a panic attack?
Choking, chest pain, frightening sensations, and a terror
What is generalized anxiety disorder?
An anxiety disorder where a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic NS arousal
What is the DSM-5?
A widely used system for classifying psychological disorders
What is the medical model?
The concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and cured usually through treatment in a hospital
What is ADHD?
A psychological disorder marked by one or more of 3 key symptoms:
1. Extreme inattention
What is a psychological disorder?
A syndrome marked by a clinically significant disturbance in an individuals cognition, emotion, regulation, or behavior
What are anxiety disorders?
Psychological disorder characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety, or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety
What is OCD?
A disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts and/or actions
What is PTSD?
A disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, numbness, and insomnia that last longer than 4 weeks after a traumatic experience
What is Posttraumatic growth?
Positive psychological changes as a result of struggling with extremely challenging circumstances in life crises
What is antisocial personality disorder?
A personality disorder where a person shows a lack of conscience for wrongdoing
What are personality disorders?
Psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns and impairs social functioning
What is binge eating disorder?
Significant binge – eating episodes followed by distress, disgust, or guilt but without purging or fasting
What is Bulimia Nervosa?
An eating disorder where a person alternates binge eating with purging, excessive exercise, or fasting
What is anorexia nervosa?
An eating disorder where a person maintains a starvation diet despite being significantly underweight
What are dissociative disorders?
Disorders where Conscious awareness becomes separated from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings
What is dissociative identity disorder?
The rare dissociative disorder where a person shows two or more alternating personalities
What is somatic symptom disorder?
A psychological disorder where the symptoms take a somatic form without apparent physical cause
What is a hallucination?
False sensory experience
What are the delusions?
False beliefs that may accompany psychotic disorders?
What is psychosis?
A psychological disorder in which a person loses contact with reality
What is schizophrenia?
A psychological disorder characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and/or diminished or inappropriate emotional expression
What are mood disorders?
Psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes
What is major depressive disorder?
A mood disorder where a person experiences 2+ weeks with 5+ symptoms and one must be a depressed mood or loss of interest
What is mania?
A mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state
What is bipolar disorder?
A mood disorder in which a person alternates between being hopeless and in an overexcited state