Chapter 10 Flashcards
One of the more common health risks related to marijuana use is _____.
What does the most recent MTF survey (2014) indicate about general trends in drug use among American adolescents in 2014 as compared to the mid-to-late 1990s?
Alcohol consumption and narcotics use has declined.
What substance remains the drug of choice for most teens?
Which substance is a central nervous system depressant?
Which group of drugs has a black market sales profit of close to $1 billion annually?
The “saturation” effect examining the causes of drugs as identified by Zimmerman and Vásquez refers to the _____.
nonlinear relationship between peer associations and adolescent substance use
Drug abusers are believed to exhibit psychopathic or sociopathic behavior characteristics, forming what is called an _____.
For their first year of drug dealing, the estimated hourly wage for a “foot soldier” is _____, whereas a gang leader tends to yield an hourly wage of _____.
The 2 percent of teenage drug dealers commit _____ of all robberies and assaults.
What are drug-involved “losers?”
People who earn a living by steering customers to a drug dealer
Persistent offenders and substance abusers typically _____.
come from poor families
The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth found that youth who used marijuana in the past month are more likely to _____.
vandalize property than youth who did not
According to researchers at the Institute of Behavioral Science at the University of Colorado, the difficulty in understanding the relationship between drug use and delinquent behavior is further complicated because _____.
drug use appears to be a type of delinquent behavior
Which drug did the Elliot research find is a gateway for multiple drug use?
Cutting off supplies of drugs by destroying overseas crops and arresting members of drug cartels is known as _____.
What was the purpose of Operation Webslinger?
Tracking down the suppliers of gamma-butyrolactone, who bring it into the United States from Canada
A review of more than 300 international studies on police crackdowns on drug users and dealers found _____.
that this approach tends to lead to increased violence
In a national study, the new curriculum of D.A.R.E., “Take Charge of Your Life,” was found to _____.
increase the initiation of tobacco and alcohol use among teens
Which program targets the specific pressures that young people face to try drugs and alcohol and provides education to parents and the community at large to assist youths in learning about the dangers of substance abuse and strategies for resisting the pressures to use drugs and alcohol?
The federal government has spent $1 trillion on its efforts to_____.
implement the War on Drugs
Which drug was first isolated in 1860 and used to relieve fatigue and depression?
The National Youth Survey found _____ between drug use and social class.
Which behavior has been found to be a significant precursor of substance abuse and delinquency?
Drinking as an adolescent with an adult present
The abuse of _____ seems to be a cause of marijuana and other drug abuse, because most drug users start with it, whereas youth who abstain from it almost never use drugs.
Minimizing the harmful effects caused by drug use and some of the more punitive responses to drug use is the goal of _____.
Produced from the leaves of cannabis sativa
Concentrated form of cannabis made of unadulterated resin from the female plant
a mild hallucinogen, most commonly used drug by teenagers (not physically addictive)
Most powerful natural stimulant that produces euphoria, restlessness, and excitement
Processed street cocaine
Gained popularity in the mid-1980s
Can provide a powerful high and is highly addictive
Most dangerous commonly abused drug
…is the drug of choice for most teenagers
…drivers are arrested each year for D.U.I.
The economic cost is staggering: …lost each year