Chapter 10: Cardiovascular, Immune, Lymphatic Systems and Blood Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 10: Cardiovascular, Immune, Lymphatic Systems and Blood > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10: Cardiovascular, Immune, Lymphatic Systems and Blood Deck (150):
1

Angi/o

Vessel

2

Aort/o

Aorta

3

Arteri/o

Artery

4

Anther/o

Yellowish, fatty plaque

5

Atri/o

Atrium

6

Cardi/o

Heart

7

Ech/o

Sound

8

Electr/o

Electricity, electrical activity

9

Isch/o

Deficiency, blockage

10

Lymphaden/o

Lymph node

11

Lymph/o

Lymph, lymph tissue

12

Myel/o

Bone marrow

13

Phleb/o

Vein

14

Plasm/o

Plasm

15

Splen/o

Spleen

16

Therm/o

Heat

17

Thromb/o

Clot

18

Thym/o

Thymus gland

19

Valv/o

Valve

20

Valvul/o

Valve

21

Ven/o

Vein

22

Ventricul/o

Ventricle

23

Brady-

Slow

24

Pan-

All, total

25

-ac

Pertaining to

26

-apheresis

Removal

27

-penia

Abnormal reduction in slumber

28

-poiesis

Formation

29

-sclerosis

Hardening

30

ABO

Blood groups

31

Rh

Blood type

32

AP

Apical pulse

33

BP

Blood pressure

34

BP

Blood pressure

35

HR

Heart rate

36

P

Pulse

37

R

Respiration

38

T

Temperature

39

VS

Vital signs

40

Diff

Differential count

41

ESR

Sed rate

42

H&H

Hemoglobin and hemocrit

43

Hgb

Hemoglobin

44

ProTime/ INR

Prothrombin time

45

PT

Prothrombin time

46

PTT

Partial thromboprostin time

47

ECG

Electrocardiogram

48

ECHO

Echocardiogram

49

Hct

Hemocrit

50

EKG

Electrocardiogram

51

ASHD

Arteriosclerotic heart disease

52

CAD

Coronary heart disease

53

CHF

Congestive heart failure

54

DVT

Deep vein thrombosis

55

HTN

Hypertension

56

MI

Myocardial infarction

57

MVP

Mitral valve prolapse

58

BMT

Bone marrow transplant

59

CABG

Coronary artery by-pass graft

60

OPCABG

Off-pump coronary artery by pass graft

61

PTCA

Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

62

AV

Atrioventricular

63

CPR

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

64

NSR

Normal sinus rhythm

65

SA

Sinoatrial node

66

A- fib

Atrial fibrillation

67

VF

Ventricle fibrillation

68

CCU

Cardiac care unit

69

Acute coronary syndrome

Insufficient blood supply to heart - unstable acute myocardial infarction

70

Afebrile

Not feverish

71

Allergen

Substance capable of producing hypersensitivity

72

Allergist

One who studies/ treats allergic conditions

73

Allergy

Hypersensitivity to a substance, resulting in an inflammatory immune response

74

Anaphylaxis

Exaggerated life threatening reaction to a previously encountered antigen

75

Anemia

Condition in which there is a reduction in the number of erythrocytes

76

Aneurysm

Ballooning of a weakened portion of an arterial wall

77

Aneurysmectomy

Surgical excision of an aneurysm

78

Angina pectoris

Chest pain, insufficient supply of blood to heart

79

Antibiotic

Medicine that inhibits the growth if or destroys micro organisms

80

Antibody

Substance produced by lymphocytes that inactivates or destroys antigens

81

Anticoagulent

Agent that slows blood clotting process

82

Antigen

Substance that triggers an immune response when introduced to the body

83

Apical pulse

The beat of the heart as felt through the peripheral artery

84

Arrhythmia

Off rhythm, abnormal heart beat

85

Atrial fibrillation

Cardiac characterized by chaotic rapid electrical impulses

86

Atrial fibrillation ablation

Procedure in which abnormal cells that trigger atrial fibrillation are destroying by a device that heats or freezes the cells

87

Autoimmune disease

Disease caused by body is inability to distinguish its own cells from foreign bodies

88

Blood dyscrasia

Abnormal or pathologic condition of the blood

89

Blood pressure

Pressure exerted by blood against the blood vessel walls

90

Bone marrow aspiration

Aspirate a sample of liquid portion of bone marrow for study

91

Bone marrow biopsy

Procedure to obtain a sample of bone marrow

92

Bone marrow transplant

Infusion of healthy bone marrow into a recipient with matching cells

93

Bruit

Abnormal vascular sound caused by turbulent blood flow

94

Cardiac arrest

Sudden cessation of cardiac output and effective circulation which requires cardiopulmonary resuscitation

95

Cardiac catheterization

Diagnostic procedure- pass catheter through vessel to heart to examine conditions

96

Cardiac pacemaker

Battery powered apparatus implanted under the skin with leads placed on the heart or inner chamber of the heart

97

Cardiac tamponade

Acute compression of the heart caused by fluid accumulation in the pericardial cavity

98

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Emergency procedure consisting of cardiac compressions and artificial ventilation

99

Coarctation of the aorta

Congenital cardiac condition characterized by a narrowing of the aorta

100

Congenital heart disease

Heart abnormality present at birth

101

Coronary

Relating to or denoting the arteries that surround and supply the heart

102

Coronary artery disease

Condition that reduces the flow of blood through the coronary artery to the myocardium that may limit oxygen and nutrients

103

Coronary by pass graft

Bring new blood to heart by detouring around blacked arteries

104

Coronary stent

Supportive scaffold device placed in the coronary artery

105

C-reactive protein

Blood test used to measure c reactive protein

106

Creatine phosphokinase

Blood tert measuring creatine phosphokinase an enzyme

107

Deep vein thrombosis

Condition of thrombus in a deep vein in body

108

Defibrillation

Application of an electric shock to the myocardium through the chest wall to restart normal cardiac rhythm

109

Diastole

Relaxed

110

Diastolic

Relaxing

111

Digital subtraction angiography

Process of digital radiographic imaging of the blood vessels that "subtracts" or removes structures not being studied

112

Doppler flow studies

Uses high frequency sound waves for detection of blood flow within the vessels

113

Echocardiography

Sound heart imaging

114

Embolectomy

Surgical removal of an embolus or clot with balloon

115

Embolus

Blood clot or foreign material such as air or far that enters the blood stream and moves until it lodges at another point

116

Exercise stress test

Study evaluates cardiac function during physical stress by riding a bike or treadmill

117

Extracorporeal

Occurring outside the body

118

Extravasation

Escape of blood from the blood vessel into the tissue

119

Febrile

Feverish

120

Femoropopliteal bypass

Surgery to establish an alternate route from femoral artery to popliteal artery to bypass an obstruction

121

Fibrillation

Rapid quivering noncoordinated contractions of the atria or ventricles

122

Hematoma

Collection of blood outside of a blood vessel

123

Hemophilia

Blood doesn't clot normally

124

Hemorrhage

Rapid loss of blood

125

Hodgkin disease

Malignant disorder of lymphatic tissue characterized by progressive enlargement

126

Sepsis

Condition in which pathogenic microorganisms usually bacteria enter the bloodstream causing inflammatory response to the infection

127

Homocysteine

Blood test

128

Hypercholestrolemia

Excessive amount of cholesterol

129

Hyperlipidemia

Too many lipids

130

Hypertension

Blood pressure above 140/90

131

Hypotension

Blood pressure below 90/60

132

Impedance plethysmography

Measures venous flow of the extremities w/ plethysmograph

133

Intermittent claudication

Cramping pain induce by exercise - obstruction of arteries

134

Intracoronary thrombolytic

Injection of medicine either intravenously or intraarterially to dissolve blood clots before hardened

135

Ischemia

Condition of deficient blood flow due to constriction or obstruction of a blood vessel

136

Lumen

Space with in a tubular part of organ

137

Myocardial infarction

Death of a portion of the myocardium caused by lack of oxygen resulting in interrupted blood supply

138

Occlude

To close tightly, to bloke

139

Palpation

Method of feeling with fingers during a physical examination

140

Palpitations

Heart racing

141

Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

Balloon passed through blood vessel into coronary artery to the area where plaque is formed

142

Peripheral arterial disease

Disease of arteries in arms and legs resulting in narrowing with complete obstruction of the artery

143

Phagocytosis

Process in which some of the white blood cells destroy the invading micro organism and old cells

144

Pyrexia

Fever

145

Rheumatic heart disease

Damage to the heart muscle or heart valves caused by the one or more episode of rheumatic fever

146

Single-photon emission computed tomography

Nuclear scan visualizing heart from different angles to produce a 3D image

147

Systole

Contraction

148

Thallium test

Nuclear test to diagnose coronary artery disease and assess revascularization after coronary artery bypass surgery

149

Transesophageal echocardiogram

Ultrasound test examining cardiac function and structure by using an ultrasound probe placed in the esophagus

150

Varicose veins

Distended or tortuous veins usually found in lower extremities