Chapter 12: The Eye Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 12: The Eye > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 12: The Eye Deck (71):
1

Blephar/o

Eyelid

2

Conjunctiv/o

Conjunctiva

3

Core/o

Pupil

4

Corne/o

Cornea

5

Cor/o

Pupil

6

Cry/o

Cold

7

Dacry/o

Tear, tear duct

8

Dipl/o

Two, double

9

Irid/o

Iris

10

Ir/o

Iris

11

Is/o

Equal

12

Kerat/o

Cornea

13

Lacrim/o

Tear, tear duct

14

Ocul/o

Eye

15

Ophthalm/o

Eye

16

Opt/o

Vision

17

Phac/o

Lens

18

Phak/o

Lens

19

Pupill/o

Pupil

20

Retin/o

Retina

21

Scler/o

Sclera

22

Ton/o

Tension, pressure

23

Bi

Two

24

Bin

Two

25

Opia

Vision/ condition

26

Phobia

Abnormal fear/ aversion

27

Plegia

Paralysis

28

Ad lib

As desired

29

ADL

Activities of daily living

30

Amb

Ambulate

31

AMA

American Medical Assoc.

32

ASA

Aspirin

33

BR

Bed rest

34

BRP

Bathroom privileges

35

WC

Wheel chair

36

IOL

Intraocular lens

37

IOP

Intraocular pressure

38

FU

Follow up

39

CDC

Centers for disease control

40

Amblyopia

Reduced vision in one eye caused by disuse or misuse assoc. with strabismus, unequal refractive errors, or otherwise impaired vision

41

Astigmatism

Blurred caused by irregular curvature of the cornea or lens

42

Cataract

Clouding of lens of the eye

43

Chalazion

Obstruction of an oil gland of the eyelid

44

Detached retina

Separation of the retina from the choroid in the back of the eye

45

Emmetropia

Normal refractive condition of the eye

46

Enucleation

Surgical removal of the eyeball

47

Glaucoma

Eye disorder characterized by increase of intraocular pressure

48

Hyperopia

Far sightedness

49

Intraocular lens

Artificial lens implanted with in the eye during cataract surgery

50

LASIK

Laser procedure that reshapes the corneal tissue beneath the surface of the cornea to correct eye sight

51

Macular degeneration

Progressive deterioration of the portion of the retina called the macule lutec

52

Miotic

Agent that constricts the pupil

53

Mydratic

Agent that dialates the pupil

54

Myopia

Nearsightedness

55

Nyctalopia

Poor vision at night or in faint light

56

Nystagmus

Involuntary jerking movements of the eye

57

Optician

Specialist who fill prescriptions for lenses

58

Optometrist

Health professional who prescribed corrective lenses and/ or eye exercises

59

Phacoemulsification

Method to remove cataracts on which an ultrasound needle probe breaks up the lens which is then aspirated

60

Pinguecula

Yellowish mass on the conjunctiva that may be related to exposure to ultraviolet light, dry climates and dust.

61

Presbyopia

Impaired vision as a result of aging

62

Photorefractive keratectomy

Procedure for the treatment of nearsightedness in which ab excimor laser is used to reshape the cornea

63

Pterygium

Thin tissue growing into the cornea from the conjunctiva usually caused by sun exposure

64

Retinal photocoagulation

Intense beam of light which condenses retinal tissue go seal leaking blood vessels, destroy tissue, etc.

65

Retinitis pigmentosis

Hereditary progressive disease marked by night blindness w/ atrophy and retinal pigment changes

66

Scleral buckling

Procedure to repair a detached retina

67

Strabismus

Condition in which eyes look in different directions caused by dysfunction of eye muscles

68

Sty

Infection of an oil gland of the eyelid

69

Trabeculectomy

Surgical creation of an opening that allows aqueous humor to drain out to conjunctiva where it is absorbed

70

Visual acuity

Sharpness of vision for either distance or near

71

Vitrectomy

Surgical removal of all or part of the vitreous humor