Chapter 16: Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 16: Endocrine System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 16: Endocrine System Deck (42):
1

Acr/o

Extremities, height

2

Aden/o

Gland

3

Adrenal/o

Adrenal glands

4

Adren/o

Adrenal glands

5

Calc/i

Calcium

6

Cortic/o

Cortex

7

Dips/o

Thirst

8

Endocrin/o

Endocrine

9

Kal/i

Potassium

10

Natr/o

Sodium

11

Parathyroid/o

Parathyroid glands

12

Pituitar/o

Pituitary gland

13

Thyoid/o

Thyroid gland

14

Thyr/o

Thyroid gland

15

-drome

Run, running

16

CA+

Calcium

17

Fe

Iron

18

K+

Potassium

19

NA+

Sodium

20

2 hr po

2 hour post prandial blood glucose test

21

BMP

Basic metabolic panel

22

BS

Blood sugar

23

GTT

Glucose tolerance test

24

T3

Thyroid test

25

T4

Thyroid test (thyroxine)

26

TSH

Thyroid stimulating hormone

27

DM

Diabetes melitus

28

Type I

Type 1 diabetes

29

Type II

Type 2 diabetes

30

FBS

Fasting blood sugar

31

Acidosis

Condition brought about by an abnormal

32

Addison disease

Chronic syndrome resulting from a deficiency in the hormonal secretion of the adrenal cortex symptoms include weakness, darkening of skin, loss of appetite

33

Congenital hypothyroidism

Congenital absence or atrophy of thyroid, characterized by puffy features, mental deficiency, large tongue, and dwarfism

34

Cushing syndrome

Signs and symptoms related to excessive production of cortisol by the adrenal cortices (moon face and buffalo hump)

35

Diabetes insipidus

Result of decreased secretion of antidiuretic hormone by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland , excessive thirst, lots of urine, and excretion of sodium

36

Diabetes mellitus

Chronic disease involving a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism characterized by elevated blood sugar. Can cause renal disease, retinopathy, neuropathy, ketosis, acidosis,

37

Euglycemia

Normal sugar in blood

38

Exophthalmos

Abnormal protrusion of the eyeball

39

Fasting blood sugar

Blood test to determine the amount of glucose in the blood after fasting for 8-10 hours

40

Gigantism

Condition brought about by hypersecretion of growth hormone by the pituitary gland before puberty

41

Glycemia

Sugar in blood

42

Goiter

Enlargement of the thyroid gland