Chapter 10 - Endocrine Glands/Tissues Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 10 - Endocrine Glands/Tissues > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10 - Endocrine Glands/Tissues Deck (24):
1

hypothalamus (hormones)

pituitary-regulating hormones

2

neurohypophysis (pituitary gland- posterior) (hormones)

antidiuretic hormone (ADH), vasopressin, oxytocin, melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)

3

hypothalamus (functions)

either stimulates or inhibits pituitary secretions

4

neurohypophysis (pituitary gland - posterior) (functions)

increases water reabsorption, stimulates uterine contractions and lactation, stimulates the production of melanin

5

adenohypophysis (pituitary gland - anterior) (hormones)

growth hormone (GH), somatotrophic hormone (STH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), adenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), prolactin

6

adenhypophysis (pituitary gland - anterior) (functions)

stimulates bone and muscle growth; regulates some metabolic functions (like rate that cells utilize carbs and fats); stimulates secretion of adrenal cortex hormones; stimulates development of ova and production of female hormones; stimulates breast development and milk produciton

7

thryroid (hormones)

thyroxine (T4); triiodothyronine (T3); calcitonin

8

thryoid (function)

regulates metabolism; stimulates growth; lowers blood calcium as necessary

9

parathyroid (hormones)

parathromone, parathyroid hormone (PTH)

10

parathyroid (function)

increases blood calcium

11

adrenal medulla (hormones)

epinephrine (adrenaline); norepinephrine (noreadrenaline)

12

adrenal medulla (functions)

works with sympathetic nervous system to react to stress

13

adrenal cortex (hormones)

glucocorticoids (cortisol, corticocosteroids, corticosterone); mineralcorticoids (aldosterone), gonadocorticoids (androgens)

14

adrenal cortex (functions)

affects metabolism, growth, and aids in electrolyte and laid balances

15

pancreas (islets of Langerhans) (hormones)

insulin, glucagon

16

pancreas (in islets of Langerhans) (functions)

maintains homeostasis in blood glucose concentration

17

pineal gland (hormones)

melatonin

18

pineal gland (functions)

affects sexual functions and wake-sleep cycles

19

ovaries (hormones)

estrogen, progesterone

20

ovaries (functions)

promotes development of female sex characteristics, menstrual cycle, reproductive functions

21

thymus gland (hormones)

thymosin, thymic humoral factor (THF), factor thymic serum (FTS)

22

thymus gland (functions)

aids in development of T cells and some B cells; function not well understood

23

testes (hormones)

androgen, testosterone

24

testes (functions)

promotes development of male sex characteristics, sperm production