Degenerative CNS Disorders Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Degenerative CNS Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Degenerative CNS Disorders Deck (10):
1

dementia

degenerative. Deterioration in mental capacity

2

Alzheimer disease

degenerative. deterioration in mental capacity, progressive degeneration of neurons in the brain. Amnesia, apraxia, agnosia.

3

amnesia

loss of memory

4

apraxia

inability to properly use familiar objects

5

agnosia

inability to receive and understand outside stimuli

6

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

aka Lou Gehrig disease. degenerative disease of the motor neurons leading to loss of muscular control and death

7

Huntington chorea

degenerative. hereditary disease with uncontrollable jerking movements and progressive loss of neural control.

8

multiple sclerosis (MS)

degenerative. destruction of myelin sheath (demylination) leading to muscle weakness, unsteady gait, and paresthesia (odd sensations of tingling, stinging, etc), extreme fatigue, and some paralysis

9

myasthenia gravis

degenerative. disease with muscle weakness. Cant be treated to avoid the overproduction of antibodies that block neurotransmitters from sending proper nerve impulses to skeletal muscles

10

Parkinson disease

degeneration of nerves in the brain, causes tremors, weakness of muscles, and difficulty in walking. treated with drugs that increase dopamine levels in the brain, treatment helps relieves symptoms but does not cure the disease