Chapter 8 - Pathological Nerve Conditions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 - Pathological Nerve Conditions Deck (17):
1

shingles

viral disease caused by herpes zoster virus. symptoms: pain in the peripheral nerves and blisters on the skin

2

pyrogenic meningitis (bacterial meningitis)

caused by bacteria. symptoms: fever, headache, and stiff neck.

3

neuritis

inflammation of nerves

4

myelitis

inflammation of spinal cord

5

encephalitis

inflammation of brain

6

cerebellitis

inflammation of cerebellum

7

gangliitis

inflammation of ganglion

8

radiculitis

inflammation of spinal nerve roots

9

sciatica

specific nerve inflammation. causes pain in area served by nerve. Common cause of lower back and leg pain .

10

thrombus

stationary blood clot

11

occlusion

blockage of a blood vessel

12

transient ischemic attacks (TIA)

as blockage grows, may experience milder symptoms before a major stroke. Short incidents known as...May cause brief disorientation and speech and motor difficulty or be symptomless

13

hemorrhagic

blood escaping from a damaged cerebral artery. May be caused by sudden trauma or aneurysm

14

aneurysm

bursting of the wall of an artery after abnormal widening or weakening

15

somnolence

extreme sleepiness

16

syncope

fainting

17

narcolepsy

uncontrollable, sudden lapses into deep sleep