Chapter 10- Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10- Endocrine System Deck (29):
1

adenoma

tumor composed of glandular tissue

2

adrenalectomy

excision/removal of the adrenal glands

3

adrenal

pertaining to the adrenal glands

4

hypocalcemia

condition of low calcium in the blood

5

glucogenesis

forming or producing glucose

6

hyperglycemia

greater than normal amount of glucose in the blood (high blood sugar)

7

pancreatitis

inflammation of the pancreas

8

parathyroidectomy

excision or removal of the parathyroid glands

9

hypopituitarism

condition of low levels of pituitary hormone in the body

10

thymoma

tumor of the thymus gland

11

thyromegaly

enlargement of the thyroid gland

12

thyroidectomy

excision or removal of the thyroid gland

13

toxicologist

specialist in the study of poisons or toxins

14

endocrine

to secrete within

15

hirsutism

condition of excessive hair growth in unusual places (mostly women)

16

thyrotoxic

pertaining to toxic activity of the thyroid gland

17

hyperthyroidism

excessive secretion of the thyroid gland

18

polydipsia

excessive thirst

19

homeostasis

similar equilibrium

20

myxedema

swelling of mucus

21

exophthalmos

eye protruding outwards

22

adrenaline (epinephrine)

stress response

23

Cortisol (glucocorticoid)

controlled by pituitary

24

Cushings Disease

glucocorticoid overproduction

25

transsphenoidal hypophysectomy

endoscopic surgery that removes pituitary tumors through the nasal cavity through the sphenoid sinus without affecting the brain

26

addisons disease

glucocorticoid underproduction

27

diabetes mellitus

sweet urine

28

paracrine

to secrete beyond/ apart from

29

polyphagia

excessive hunger