Chapter 2-Body Structure Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2-Body Structure Deck (69):
1

abdomino/o

abdomen

2

caud/o

tail

3

cephal/o

head

4

cervic/o

neck of the uterus

5

crani/o

cranium (skull)

6

gastr/o

stomach

7

ili/o

ilium

8

inguin/o

groin

9

lumb/o

loins (lower back)

10

pelv/i or /o

pelvis

11

spin/o

spine

12

thorac/o

chest

13

umbilic/o

umbilicus/ navel

14

anter/o

anterior, front

15

dist/o

far, farthest

16

dors/o

back (of the body)

17

infer/o

lower, below

18

later/o

side, to one side

19

medi/o

middle

20

poster/o

back (of the body)

21

proxim/o

near, nearest

22

super/o

upper/above

23

ventr/o

belly

24

cyt/o

cell

25

hist/o

tissue

26

nucle/o

nucleus

27

radi/o

radiation

28

ad

toward

29

al

pertaining to

30

algia

pain

31

dynia

pain

32

gen or genesis

forming/producing,origin

33

logist

specialist in the study of

34

logy

study

35

lysis

separation/destruction

36

meter

instrument used to measure

37

plasia

formation/growth

38

toxic

poison

39

bi

two

40

epi

above, on

41

infra

below, under

42

trans

across, through

43

adhesion

band of scar tissue binding separate surfaces

44

inflammation

body tissues response to irritation, infection, or allergy

45

sepsis

bodys inflammatory response to infection in which there is fever, elevated heart and respiratory rates, and low blood pressure

46

endoscopy

visual examination of the interior organs and cavities with an endoscope

47

fluoroscopy

radiographic procedure that uses a fluorescent screen to produce xrays

48

MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)

radiographic technique that uses electromagnetic energy to produce multi planar cross-sectional images of the body

49

nuclear scan

produces an image of an organ or area by recording the concentration of a tracer

50

radiography

picture of shadow images through the act of ionizing radiation passing through the body

51

CT scan (computer tomogrpahy)

narrow beam of X-rays with/without a contrast medium to target a specific part of the body to detect tumors

52

PET scan (positron emission tomography)

nuclear imaging that combines CT with radiopharmaceuticals to provide a cross sectional image of radioactive disbursements in a section where there is a deficiency in metabolism.

53

SPECT scan (single photon emission computed tomography)

Nuclear imaging used with a radioactive tracer and gamma camera to show how blood flows to an organ/how it is functioning

54

US (ultrasonography)

imaging that uses high frequency sound waves that bounce off body tissue and are recorded to produce an image of an internal organ or tissue

55

ant

anterior

56

AP

anteroposterior

57

Bx, bx

biopsy

58

CXR

chest Xray, chest radiograph

59

LAT, lat

lateral

60

LLQ

left lower quadrant

61

LUP

left upper quadrant

62

PA

posteroanterior

63

RLQ

right lower quadrant

64

RUQ

right upper quadrant

65

CT

computed tomography

66

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

67

PET

positron emission tomography

68

US

ultrasound, ultrasonography

69

SPECT

single-photon emission computed tomography