Chapter 12-Musculoskeletal System Words Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12-Musculoskeletal System Words Deck (49):
1

fascioplasty

surgical repair of fascia

2

fibroma

tumor of fibrous tissue

3

leiomyoma

tumor of smooth muscle

4

lumbocostal

pertaining to the lumbar region and the ribs

5

muscular

pertaining to the muscles

6

myorrhexis

rupture of a muscle

7

tenotomy

incision of a tendon

8

tendoplasty

surgical repair of a tendon

9

tendinitis

inflammation of the tendon

10

carpoptosis

downward displacement of the wrist

11

cervical

pertaining to the neck

12

subcostal

beneath the ribs

13

craniotomy

incision through the cranium

14

humeral

pertaining to the humerus

15

metacarpectomy

excision or resection of one or more metacarpal bones

16

phalangitis

inflammation of one or more phalanges

17

spondylitis

inflammation of any of the vertebrae

18

vertebral

pertaining to the vertebra or vertebral column

19

sternocostal

pertaining to sternum and ribs

20

calcaneodynia

painful condition of the heel

21

femoral

pertaining to the femur

22

fibular

pertaining to the fibula

23

patellectomy

removal of the patella

24

pelvimetry

measurement of the pelvic dimensions

25

pelvis

refers to the hip bone

26

radiography

x-ray image

27

tibial

pertaining to the tibia (shin bone)

28

ankylosis

immobility of the joint

29

arthrodesis

surgical fixation of a joint

30

costochondritis

inflammation of cartilage of the anterior chest wall (ribs)

31

laminectomy

removal/excision of the lamina (bony arches of one or more vertebra)

32

myelocele

herniation of the spinal cord

33

orthopedics

branch of medicine concerned with prevention and correction of musculoskeletal system disorders

34

osteoporosis

porous bone

35

arthoclasia

surgical breaking of adhesions to improve mobility of a joijnt

36

osteoclast

cell that breaks down bone

37

hemiplegia

paralysis of one side of the body

38

myosarcoma

malignant tumor of muscle tissue

39

diaphysis

shaft or middle region of a long bone

40

periosteum

layer that covers the surface of the bone

41

hemothorax

bleeding into the thoracic cavity

42

osteoporosis

abnormal condition of pourous bones

43

Lumbago

Lumbar back pain

44

Cervical Spondylosis

Osteoarthritis of cervical vertebrae

45

Osteophyte

Bone growth

46

Paresthesia

Numbness "pins and needles"

47

dysplaysia

Bad formation/ development

48

Arthrocentesis

Puncture of a joint to remove fluid

49

Osteosarcoma

Tumor of the bone ( and flesh)