Chapter 10 exam 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 exam 2 Deck (28):
1

Gender roles

attitudes and behaviors that are considered masculine and feminine in a particular culture

2

sex

anatomical and other biological characteristics that differ between males and females and that originate in genetic differences

3

Gender

behavioral characteristics that differ male and female based on culturally enforced and socially learned norms and roles

4

Transgender

gender identity, expression, or behavior differs from their assigned sex or is outside the gender binary

5

transexual

people who use surgery and hormones to change their sex to match their preferred gender

6

sexuality

way people construct their sexual desires and relationships, including the norms governing sexual behavior

7

sex category

socially required identification display that confirms someones membership in a given category

8

second shift

the unpaid housework that women typically do after they come home from their paid employment

9

stereotype threat

situation when an individual is at risk of confirming a negative stereotype about his or her social group

10

Gender wage gap

difference male and female full time

11

occupational segregation by gender

the construction of men and women in diff occupations

12

labor supply factors

reasons why women or men may "prefer" particular occupation

13

labor demand factors

factors that highlight the needs and preferences of the employer

14

human capital

the skills and knowledge a person possesses that make him or her valuable in a particular workplace

15

indirect labor costs

cost for an employee to take off of work for reason

16

glass ceiling

artificial boundary that allows women to see next salary level but obstacles to obtain it

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glass escalator

promotional boost men gain in female dominated occupations

18

Sexual harassment

unwelcome sexual advances

19

Quid pro quo sexual harassment

the demand or implication that a sexual favor will buy a promotion or opportunity to keep ones job

20

hostile environment harassment

conditions in the workplace that someone perceives as intimidating, uncomfortable or distressing

21

Feminism

the belief that social equality should exist between the sexes

22

sexism

the belief that one sex is innately superior to the other and is therefore justified in having a dominant social position

23

Liberal feminism

the belief that women's inequality is the result of imperfect institutions

24

socialist feminist

women's inequality results from the combination of capitalist economy relations and male domination
both must be fixed before can achieve equality

25

radical feminism

the belief that women's inequality is the cause of other inequalities

26

patriarchy

any set of social relationships in which men dominate women

27

standpoint theory

knowledge we create is conditioned by where we stand in our social position

28

standpoint epistemology

perspective that argues that what we know is affected by the position we occupy in society