Chapter 10: Musculoskeletal System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10: Musculoskeletal System Deck (58):
0

Lord/o

Curve, swayback

1

Carp/o

Carpus (wrist bone)

2

Ped/o, pes/i

Foot, child

3

Arthr/o

Joint

4

Lamin/o

Lamina (part of vertebral arch)

5

Rhabdomy/o, rhsd/o

Rod-shaped (striated) muscle

6

Chondr/o

Cartilage

7

-asthenia

Weakness, debility

8

Fibr/o

Fiber, fibrous tissue

9

Ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o

Tendon

10

Pub/o

Pelvis bone (anterior part if pelvic bone)

11

Fibul/o

Fibula (smaller one of lower leg)

12

ili/o

Ilium (lateral, flaring portion of hip)

13

Ankyl/o

Stiffeness, bent, crooked

14

Kyph/o

Hill, mountain

15

Myel/o

Bone marrow, spinal cord

16

Acromi/o

Acromion (projection if scapula)

17

Scoli/o

Crooked, bent

18

Oste/o

Bone

19

Orth/o

Straight

20

Thorac/o

Chest

21

Brachi/o

Arm

22

Cephal/o

Head

23

Calcane/o

Calcaneum (heel one)

24

Clavicul/o

Clavicle (collarbone)

25

Crani/o

Cranium (skull)

26

Dactyl/o

Fingers, toes

27

Spondyl/o, vertebr/o

Vertebrae (backbone)

28

Tibi/o

Tibia (larger bone if lower leg)

29

Humer/o

Humerus (upper arm bone)

30

Ischi/o

Ischium (lower portion of hip bone)

31

Pod/o, ped/o, ped/i

Foot

32

Lumb/o

Loins (lower back)

33

Pelvi/o

Pelvis

34

Metacarp/o

Metacarpus (hand bone)

35

Patell/o

Patella (kneecap)

36

Metatars/o

Metatarsus (foot bone)

37

Femor/o

Femur (thigh bone)

38

Leiomy/o

Smooth muscle (visceral)

39

Stern/o

Sternum (breastbone)

40

-clasia, -clast

To break, surgical fracture

41

Synov/o

Synovial membrane, synovial fluid

42

Fasci/o

Band, fascia

43

-desis

Binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)

44

-physis

Growth

45

supra-

Above, excessive, superior

46

ROM

Range of motion

47

I.M., IM

Intramuscular, infectious mononucleosis

48

Fx

Fracture

49

C1, C2,...

First cervical fracture, second cervical fracture

50

EMG

Electromyography

51

Ca

Calcium, cancer

52

ORTH, ortho

Orthopedics

53

ACL

Anterior cruciate ligament

54

P

Pluse, phosphorous

55

RA

Rheumatoid arthritis

56

NSAIDs

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

57

MS

Musculoskeletal, multiple sclerosis