2nd Semester Final: Chapters 10-16 Flashcards Preview

Med. Term. > 2nd Semester Final: Chapters 10-16 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2nd Semester Final: Chapters 10-16 Deck (122):
1

Hem/o, hemat/o

Blood

2

-emia

Blood condition

3

Poly-

Many, much

4

Lymph/o

Lymph

5

A-

Without, not

6

Sub-

Under, below

7

Calcane/o

Calcaneum (heel bone)

8

Rhabd/o

Rod shape (striated)

9

Amni/o

Amnion (amniotic sac)

10

-osis

Abnormal condition; increase (usually blood cells)

11

-phoresis

Carrying, transmission

12

Ped/o, ped/i

Foot, child

13

Arthr/o

Joint

14

Muscul/o, my/o

Muscle

15

Noct/o

Night

16

Balan/o

Glans penis

17

Orch/o, orchid/o, orchi/o, test/o

Testis

18

Vas/o

Vas deferens, vessel, duct

19

Vesicul/o

Seminal vesicle

20

-asthenia

Weakness, debility

21

-malacia

Softening

22

Oste/o

Bone

23

Orth/o

Straight

24

Cost/o

Ribs

25

Crani/o

Cranium (skull)

26

Femor/o

Femur (thigh bone)

27

-clasia, -clast

To break, surgical fracture

28

-uria

Urine

29

-spadias

Slit, fissure

30

-desis

Binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)

31

-scopy

Visual examination

32

Supra-

Above, excessive, superior

33

Cyst/o, Vesic/o

Bladder

34

Lith/o

Stone, calculus

35

Nephr/o, ren/o

Kidney

36

Pyel/o

Renal pelvis

37

-ism

Condition

38

-genesis

Forming, producing, orgin

39

Py/o

Pus

40

-esthesia

Feeling

41

Dia-

Through, across

42

Retro-

Backward, behind

43

Salping/o

Tube (usually Fallopian or eustachian tubes)

44

Colp/o, vagin/o

Vagina

45

Oophor/o, ovari/o

Ovary

46

Ante-

Before , in front of

47

-gravida

Pregnant woman

48

Endo-

In, within

49

Metri/o uter/o

Uterus (womb)

50

Pancreat/o

Pancreas

51

Gynec/o

Woman, female

52

Metr/o

Uterus (womb); measure

53

Hyster/o

Uterus (womb)

54

Post-

After

55

-rrhexis

Rupture

56

-rrhaphy

Suture

57

Gluc/o, glyc/o, glycos/o

Sugar, sweetness

58

-dipsia

Thirst

59

Hypo-

Under, below

60

-algesia

Pain

61

-gen

Forming, producing, orgin

62

-taxia

Order, coordination

63

Kinesi/o

Movement

64

-plexy

Stroke

65

-algia, -dynia

Pain

66

-kinesia

Movement

67

Neur/o

Nerve

68

-lepsy

Seizure

69

Encephal/o

Brain

70

-plegia

Paralysis

71

Hyper-

Excessive, above normal

72

Opt/o, optic/o

Eye, vision

73

Blephar/o

Eyelid

74

Retin/o

Retina

75

Scler/o

Hardening, sclera

76

-opia, -opsia

Vision

77

Audi/o

Hearing

78

Myring/o, tympan/o

Tympanic membrane (eardrum)

79

Kerat/o

Horny tissue, hard, cornea

80

Dacry/o, lacrim/o

Tear, lacrimal apparatus (duct, sac, or gland)

81

ROM

Range of motion

82

Fx

Fracture

83

EMG

Electromyography

84

cath

Catheterization, catheter

85

ORTH, ortho

Orthopedics

86

IM

Intramuscular

87

IV

Intravenous

88

NSAIDS

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

89

PID

Pelvic inflammatory disease

90

PE

Pressure equalizing (tube)

91

OM

Otitis media

92

K

Potassium

93

Na

Sodium

94

GYN

Gynecology

95

GC

Gonorrhea

96

G

Gravida (pregnant)

97

LMP

Last menstrual period

98

OB

Obstetrics

99

ACTH

Adrenocorticotropic hormone

100

ADH

Antidiuretic hormone

101

PTH

Parathyroid hormone

102

ENT

Ear, nose, throat

103

CSF

Cerebrospinal fluid

104

LOC

Loss of consciousness

105

ICP

Intracranial pressure

106

PE tube

Pressure equalizing tube (placed in eardrum)

107

Ca

Calcium, cancer

108

UA

Urinalysis

109

O.D.

Doctor of optometry

110

VA

Visual acuity

111

TURP

Transurethral resection of the prostate

112

TIA

Transient ischemic attack

113

GU

Genitourinary

114

C&S

Culture and sensitivity

115

FHT

Feral heart tones

116

CNS

Central nervous system

117

CVA

Cerebrovascular accident

118

EEG

Electroencephalogram

119

P

Pulse, phosphorous

120

FBS

Fasting blood sugar

121

GTT

Glucose tolerance test

122

Myel/o

Bone marrow, spinal cord