Chapter 4: Body Structure Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4: Body Structure Deck (57):
0

cyt/o

cell

1

nucle/o

nucleus

2

crani/o

cranium(skull)

3

dist/o

far, farthest

4

proxim/o

near, nearest

5

cervic/o

neck:cervix uteri

6

anter/o

anterior, front

7

limb/o

loins, (lower back)

8

medi/o

middle

9

chlor/o

green

10

cirrh/o, jaund/o, xanth/o

yellow

11

erythr/o

red

12

melan/o

black

13

infer/o

lower, below

14

radi/o

radiation, X-ray, radius (lower arm bone on the thumb side)

15

thorac/o

chest

16

ili/o

ilium (lateral, flaring portion of hip bone)

17

leuk/o, albin/o

white

18

poli/o

gray, gray matter

19

ad-

toward

20

home/o

same, alike

21

chrom/o

color

22

poster/o

-back (of body), behind
-posterior

23

somat/o

body

24

hist/o

tissue

25

viscer/o

internal organs

26

path/o

disease

27

-meter

instrument for measuring

28

later/o

side

29

gastr/o

stomach

30

-megaly

enlargement

31

prognosis

+-gnosis: knowing
+pro-: before, in front of

32

etiology

+-logy: study of
+eti/o: cause

33

idiopathic

+-ic: pertaining to, relating to
+idi/o: unknown; peculiar
+path: disease

34

radiologist

+-logist: specialist in the study of
+radi/o: radiation, x-ray, radius

35

acrocyanosis

+-osis: abnormal condition
+acro: extremity
+cyan/o: blue

36

anteriorgram

+-gram: record, writing
+anteri/o: artery

37

infracostal

+-al: pertaining to, relating to
+infra-: below, under
+cost: ribs

38

pericardial

+-ial: pertaining to, related to
+peri-: around
+card: heart

39

transabdominal

+-al: pertaining to, related to
+trans-: across, through
+abdomin: abdomen

40

ultrasonic

+-ic: pertaining to
+ultra-: beyond, excessive
+son/o: sound

41

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

42

PET

position emission tomography

43

CT Scan, CAT Scan

computed (axial) tomography scan

44

Dx

diagnosis

45

CBC

complete blood count

46

Tx

treatment

47

US

ultrasound

48

AP

anteroposterior

49

U&L
U/L

upper and lower

50

RLQ

right lower quadrant

51

I&D

incision and drainage

52

LLQ

left lower quadrant

53

LAT, lat

lateral

54

Bx, bx

biopsy

55

RUQ

right upper quadrant

56

Sx

symptom