Chapter 10 - Parties Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 - Parties Deck (23):
1

Political parties

Political organizations that seek to influence policy they will typically get candidates elected or appointed to public office

2

Party system

Patterns of party politics categorized by relevant parties in a government

3

Interest group

Organizations that make demands in the political system on behalf of their constituents and members/Bribing, influence, Boomerang effect

4

Civil Society

The set of organizations in civic life outside the state through with citizens can have interest groups and volunteer organizations

5

Interest articulation

The process by which political actors express their demand means in a political system often through interest groups

6

Interest aggregation

The process by which individual preferences are brought together to make collective decision I’ve been through political parties in the party system

7

Elite parties

Political parties which are largely restrictive mostly used an authoritarian countries

8

Mass parties

Consisting of large numbers of citizens as members that undertake massive political mobilization This encourages mass Participation

9

Catch all parties

Parties that are flexible on that idea logical positions and into a truck support from a broad range of interests groups in voters

10

Dominant party system

System in which a party contains one large political party that dominates politically often controlling the legislative and executive branches

11

Single party system

An authoritarian system in which parties besides the single dominant party are banned in disallowed

12

Two party system

Political party system consisting of two significant parties that have a duopoly on opportunities to govern

13

Multiparty system

A party system consisting of more than two significant parties that have opportunities to govern

14

Fragmentation (party system)

Contrasting with concentration the extent to which political power in a party system is characterized by relatively large numbers of relatively small parties

15

Concentration of party system

Contrasting with fragmentation the extent to which political power and representation in a party system is characterized by relatively small number of relatively large parties

16

Effective number of parties

Designed to capture the number of meaningful parties in a party system that weighs the number of parties represented by their size

17

Party system institutionalizations

The degree to which a party system is stable and remain so over time measured by characteristics as persistence stability of ideologies and the degree to which they are distinct from specific individual that lead them

18

Pluralism

System of interest group Representation in which groups compete openly to influence government decisions and public policy ended which specific groups to not have official preferential Access to decision-making

19

Corporatism

A system of interest group representation in which certain major groups are officially designated as representatives of certain interests and have more structured interaction with the government in power and with the state administration

20

Peak organization

Top association such as labor federation’s in large business organizations that represent common interest by bringing together many like-minded organizations

21

Median voter

The voter who is theoretically exactly in the middle of the distribution of voters

22

Strategic voting

Practice of voting in a way that does not reflect once I do your preference in order to prevent electoral outcomes when things are were such as voting for second best candidate

23

Collective action

Pursuit of political or social goals by members of a group