Chapter 10 Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Terms Deck (18):
1

Anything that is commonly used and generally accepted in payment for goods and services; a medium of exchange.

Money

2

A form of money that a government declares must be accepted by creditors if it is tendered (offered) by a debtor.

Legal Tender

3

The exchange of one person’s goods or services for another’s goods or services.

Barter

4

Both parties involved in a trade of goods or services wanting what the other has to trade.

Double Coincidence of Wants

5

A commonly used or valued good that serves as a medium of exchange.

Commodity Money

6

A coin that contains an amount of gold or silver of equal worth to its face value

Full-Bodied Coin

7

A coin that contains a quantity of metal worth less than its face value.

Token Coin

8

Money that represents a commodity held in store.

Representative Money

9

Money that is not backed by anything of value but serves as money because of governmental decree.

Flat Money

10

A measure of the nation’s money supply that is available for immediate spending and includes currency, traveler’s checks, and checking accounts.

M-1

11

A measure of the nation’s money supply that includes all M-1 money plus all money that is available to spend after a short delay, such as savings accounts, small-time deposits, and other short-notice deposits.

M-2

12

A system in which a banker lends out more paper money than he can back.

Fractional Reserve Banking

13

The vast collection of financial institutions that receives deposits of excess funds from households and that lend to business firms; includes commercial banks, savings and loan associations, credit unions, insurance companies, finance companies, and stock brokerage firms.

Financial Market

14

A financial institution that accepts deposits and makes commercial and private loans.

Commercial Bank

15

An authorization for a bank to exist, issued either by the federal government or by the state government.

Charter

16

A financial insti­tution designed to collect savings and use that capital to make loans.

Savings and Loan Associations (S & L's)

17

A financial institution that exists almost exclusively in the northeastern United States and resembles a savings and loan except for some technicalities concerning its organization.

Mutual Savings Banks

18

A cooperative institution that pools the savings of its members and makes consumer loans available to them.

Credit Unions