Chapter 6 Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Test Deck (17):
1

What economic system prevailed in Europe from the 1500s to the 1700s?

Mercantilism

2

What was the major economic goal of European countries from the 1500s to the 1700s?

Increase their holdings of gold and silver

3

According to Adam Smith, what were two flaws in mercantilist economic policy?

-Nation would exploit its resources to accumulate gold and silver at the expense of its own people

-The aggressive actions of the mercantilism nation would create enemies

4

According to Adam Smith, why would a laissez-faire economic policy work?

People will seek to meet the needs of others in a way that they would profit themselves

5

The answers to what two questions can determine whether a nation is capitalistic or socialistic?

1.) Who owns the factors of production?

2.) Who answers the three economic questions?

6

Name two economic principles of capitalism supported by Scripture and give a reference for each.

-Private Ownership of property - Acts 5:4, Exodus 20:17

-Principle of individual accountability - Luke 12:47-48

7

Which economic system is closest to Adam Smith’s writings?

Classic Liberal Capitalism

8

Identify the five points of mercantilism.

Exploration, trade, domestic manufacturing, colonization, alliances/treaties.

9

What is the full title of Adam Smith’s landmark economic treatise?

Inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations

10

According to Adam Smith’s philosophy of laissez-faire liberalism, what are the two keys to the economic prosperity of a nation?

Limited government and personal responsibility

11

What is liberalism according to the classical definition?

Liberty

12

What did Adam Smith declare to be the three functions of government?

1.) To protect its citizens from foreign invasion

2.) To protect the rights from infringement by others

3.)To provide public goods

13

Why is radical capitalism unscriptural?

It denies the legitimacy of government that God ordained

14

What kind of economy does the United States have?

State Capitalism

15

Socialism is marked by the government’s nationalizing which vital industries?

Transportation, Communication, energy, financial markets, health care

16

To an economist, what is meant by the phrases standard of living and real income?

1.) Standard of living is the measure of the quality life of a country

2.) Real income is when a person's income can actually buy

17

Identify two potential weaknesses of capitalism.

-Exploitation of workers for business
-love of money
-materialism
-laying up treasures on earth instead of heaven
-prosperity or blessings often causes humans to forget about God