Chapter 2 Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Terms Deck (22):
1

A table or chart explaining the relationships between pairs of variables.; also called a schedule.

Tabular Model

2

A table or chart explaining the relationships between pairs of variables; also called a tabular model.

Schedule

3

A graph formed by the plotting of data involving two variables and the connecting of the resulting points to form a line of infinite information from the data.

Line Graph

4

A model that enables an economists to see the maximum feasible amounts of two commodities that a business can produce when those items are competing for that business's limited resources.

Production Possibilities Curve (PPC)

5

A model depicting the flower of economic goods and services between households, business firms, the government, and financial markets.

Circular Flow Model

6

A total expenditures made by all households.

Consumption Expenditures

7

The resources used in producing the nation's GDP: land, labor, financial capital, and entrepreneurship.

Factor of Production

8

The factor of production denoting all natural resources that go into the production of goods.

Land

9

The factor of production denoting all human effort that goes into the creation of goods and services.

Labor

10

The tools business firms use to produce goods and services.

Capital

11

The factor of production denoting the activity of creatively combining natural resources, human labor, and financial capital in unique ways to develop new and useful products and services.

Entrepreneurship

11

The payments business firms make in exchange for the four factors of production.

Factor costs

11

Payment for the use of an owner's property.

Rent

11

Factor costs involving all payments for labor used to produce goods or services.

Wages

11

An additional charge that a creditor demands from a borrower to cover the expense of the loan and to provide a profit.

Interest

11

Factor costs involving the rewards entrepreneurs receive for successful risk taking.

Profit

12

Payments of money or goods from the governments to individuals for which no specific economic repayment is expected.

Transfer Payments

12

A situation in which a government, business firm, or individual receives less income than is paid out in expenses.

Budget Deficit

12

A situation in which a government, business firm, or individual receives more income than is paid out in expenses.

Budget Surplus

12

The vast collection of financial institutions that receive deposits of excess funds from households and that lend to business firms

Financial Market

12

The action of withdrawing money from an account or borrowing money.

Dissaving

12

A situation in which government borrowing reduces the financial capital available to business firms.

Crowding out