A table or chart explaining the relationships between pairs of variables.; also called a schedule.
A table or chart explaining the relationships between pairs of variables; also called a tabular model.
A graph formed by the plotting of data involving two variables and the connecting of the resulting points to form a line of infinite information from the data.
A model that enables an economists to see the maximum feasible amounts of two commodities that a business can produce when those items are competing for that business's limited resources.
Production Possibilities Curve (PPC)
A model depicting the flower of economic goods and services between households, business firms, the government, and financial markets.
Circular Flow Model
A total expenditures made by all households.
The resources used in producing the nation's GDP: land, labor, financial capital, and entrepreneurship.
Factor of Production
The factor of production denoting all natural resources that go into the production of goods.
The factor of production denoting all human effort that goes into the creation of goods and services.
The tools business firms use to produce goods and services.
The factor of production denoting the activity of creatively combining natural resources, human labor, and financial capital in unique ways to develop new and useful products and services.
The payments business firms make in exchange for the four factors of production.
Payment for the use of an owner's property.
Factor costs involving all payments for labor used to produce goods or services.
An additional charge that a creditor demands from a borrower to cover the expense of the loan and to provide a profit.
Factor costs involving the rewards entrepreneurs receive for successful risk taking.
Payments of money or goods from the governments to individuals for which no specific economic repayment is expected.
A situation in which a government, business firm, or individual receives less income than is paid out in expenses.
A situation in which a government, business firm, or individual receives more income than is paid out in expenses.
The vast collection of financial institutions that receive deposits of excess funds from households and that lend to business firms
The action of withdrawing money from an account or borrowing money.
A situation in which government borrowing reduces the financial capital available to business firms.