Chapter 10 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Vocab Deck (31):
0

A local anesthetic is given and a long needle is inserted into the subarachnoid space

Spinal Tap

1

Condition caused by elevated CSF pressure

Hydrocephalus

2

Damage to the cerebellum through trauma or disease disrupts muscle coordination

Ataxia

3

Inability to use or comprehend words

Aphasia

4

Damage or disease of lower motor neurons; affects muscles on same side of body

Flaccid paralysis

5

Injury or disease of upper motor neurons; affects muscles on opposite side of body

Spastic paralysis

6

Paralysis of one limb only

Monoplegia

7

Paralysis of both upper limbs

Diplegia

8

Paralysis of both lower limbs

Paraplegia

9

Paralysis of the upper limb, trunk, and lower limb on one side of the body

Hemiplegia

10

Paralysis of all four limbs

Quadriplegia

11

Acute infection of the peripheral nervous system caused by herpes zoster

Shingles

12

Progressive degenerative disease that attacks motor areas of the cerebral cortex, axons of upper motor neurons, and lower motor neuron cell bodies

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

13

Characterized by abrupt onset of persisting symptoms, such as paralysis or loss of sensation; arise from destruction of brain tissue

Stroke

14

Episode of temporary cerebral dysfunction caused by impaired blood flow to part of the brain

Transient ischemic attack (TIA)

15

Caused by a virus called poliovirus; fever, severe headache, stiff neck and back, muscle pain/weakness, loss of somatic reflexes

Poliomyelitis (polio)

16

Progressive disorder of the CNS that typically affects its victims around age 60

Parkinson's disease

17

Slowness of movements

Bradykinesia

18

Decreasing range of motion

Hypokinesia

19

Disabling senile dementia, the loss of reasoning and ability to care for oneself, affects about 11% of the population over 65

Alzheimer's Disease

20

Pain relief

Analgesia

21

Loss of sensation

Anesthesia

22

A state of wakefulness in which an individual is fully alert, aware, and oriented

Consciousness

23

Permanent or progressive general loss of intellectual abilities; impairment of memory, judgement; changes in personality

Dementia

24

An acute inflammation of the brain caused by either a direct attack by any several viruses or an allergic reaction to any of the many viruses that are normally harmless to the CNS

Encephalitis

25

Injection of an anesthetic drug into the epidural space, between the dura mater and vertebral column, to cause temporary loss of sensation

Epidural block

26

Inflammation of the meninges

Meningitis

27

Loss of sensation due to injection of a local anesthetic; local dental anesthesia

Nerve block

28

Attacks of pain along the entire length or branch of a peripheral sensory nerve

Neuralgia

29

Occurs after a viral infection, particularly chickenpox or influenza; characterized by vomiting and brain dysfunction that may progress to coma and death

Reye syndrome

30

A type of neuritis characterized by severe pain along the path of the sciatic nerve or its branches

Sciatica