Chapter 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (18):
1

Cephalocaudal

Proceeding in the direction from head to toe

2

Closed questions

Restrictive question requiring only a short answer

3

Cues

Any piece of information or data that influences decisions

4

Database

All information about a client, includes nursing health history and physical assessment, physicians history, physical examination, and laboratory and diagnostic test results

5

Directive interview

A highly structured interview that uses closed questions to elicit specific information

6

Inferences

Interpretations or conclusions made based on cues or observed data

7

Leading question

A question that influences the client to give a particular answer

8

Neutral question

A question that does not direct or pressure a client to answer in a certain way

9

Nondirective interview

An interview using open-ended questions and empathetic responses to build rapport and learn client concerns

10

Nursing process

A systematic rational method of planning and providing nursing care

11

Objective data

Information that is detectable by an observer or can be tested against an accepted standard; can be seen, heard, felt, or smelled; also called signs

12

Assessing

The process of collecting, organizing, validating, and recording data about a clients health status

13

Open-ended Questions

Questions that specify only a broad topic to be discussed and invite clients to discover and explore their thoughts and feelings about the topic.

14

Rapport

A relationship between two or more people of mutual trust and understanding.

15

Screening examination

A brief review of essential functioning of various body parts or systems

16

Signs

Detectable by an observer or can be measured or tested against an accepted standard.

17

Subjective data

Data that are apparent only to the person affected

18

Validation

The determination that the diagnosis accurately reflects the problem of the client, that the methods used for data gathering were appropriate, and that the conclusion or daignosis is justified by the data.